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Antagonistic modulation of spontaneous neural network activities in isolated newborn rat brainstem preparations by opioids and methylxanthinesDownload
Apnea of prematurity is a common problem among the infants born before term pregnancy. Administration of respiratory stimulating drugs methylxanthines is the most frequent therapy, often in combination with the use of intubation. Opioids are used to reduce the pain associated with intubation,...
ATP actions on central inspiratory networks are determined by a three-part signaling system comprising: i) excitatory actions of ATP at P2 receptors (Rs) ii) ectonucleotidases that degrade ATP into adenosine (ADO), and iii) inhibitory actions of ADO at P1Rs. During hypoxia, an initial increase in...