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Drug Exposure Definition and Healthy User Bias Impacts on the Evaluation of Oral Anti Hyperglycemic TherapiesDownload
Accurate estimation of medication use is an essential component of any pharmacoepidemiological research as exposure misclassification will threaten study validity and lead to spurious associations. Many pharmacoepidemiological studies use simple definitions, such as the categorical “any versus no...
International Comparison of Time to Treatment Intensification and Rates of Complications in Metformin Monotherapy Treated Type 2 Diabetes PatientsDownload
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a progressive disease which affects many people in Canada and the United States, and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is only expected to increase in the future. Pharmacological interventions are a cornerstone of the management of type 2 diabetes as they help to...
The Impact of Restrictive Drug Coverage Policies on Pharmacoepidemiologic Methods and Health OutcomesDownload
The unintended consequences of restrictive drug coverage policies on epidemiologic research methods and population health outcomes have been understudied. The primary objective of this program of research was to study the impact of these policies on the magnitude and direction of potential bias...
Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have an increased risk of bladder cancer, relative to non-diabetic individuals. We aimed to investigate factors that may influence this association. Some reports suggest an association between the glucose-lowering drug pioglitazone and bladder cancer. Our...