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David Sloan Wilson has recently revived the idea of a group mind as an application of group selectionist thinking to cognition. Central to my discussion of this idea is the distinction between the claim that groups have a psychology and what I call the social manifestation thesis-a thesis about...
Self‑determined motivation for language learning: The role of need for cognition and language learning strategiesDownload
Over the last decade, there has been a notable revival of scholarly interest in second language (L2) motivation(see Dörnyei 1998; Oxford 1996a). Since a number of critical reviews of the conceptual and empirical status of L2 motivation theory appeared in the early to mid-1990s (e.g., Crookes and...
Introduction: This is a book that challenges the current orthodoxy, both in the philosophy of mind and in the cognitive sciences, that thinking (construed broadly to include perceiving, imagining, remembering, etc.) is a mental process in the head. Such a view has been largely taken for granted...
Introduction: This book articulates and defends a view of cognition that contributes to the loose network of approaches to understanding the mind that fall under the headings of situated, embedded, and dynamic cognition. Andy Clark's Being There (1997) is perhaps the best-known philosophical work...
[Review of the book The Architecture of the Mind: Massive Modularity and the Flexibility of Thought, by Parruthers]Download
Introduction: Recent cognitive developmental psychology lend support to the idea that the mind consists of distinct domain-specific modules (e.g., a folk physics, a folk biology, and a folk psychological mind-reading module), rather than a single all-purpose reasoning system. In evolutionary...
Introduction: Once upon a time, empirically-informed, philosophical work on the mind was pretty straightforward. Mental activity went on inside the head, and we were pretty sure that it, along with all the good stuff associated with it -- consciousness, intentionality, mental representation,...
Unlike secondary world fantasy, such as that of J.R.R. Tolkien, what I call syncretic fantasy is typically set in a world that overlaps significantly with the contemporary "real" or cognitive majoritarian world in which we (i.e. most North Americans) profess to live our lives. In terms of popular...
A great majority of children in Canada and the United States from Grades 2-6 fail to solve equivalence problems (e.g., 2 + 4 + 5 = 3 + __) despite having the requisite addition and subtraction skills. The goal of the present study was to determine the relative influence of two variables,...
Relationships between Self-Talk Characteristics, Social Cognitive Constructs, and Pulmonary Rehabilitation OutcomesDownload
Background: Exercise cognitions and beliefs are key associates of exercise behaviour. Self-talk is an intrapersonal communication system that may be a useful technique for studying exercise-related beliefs in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) patients. The purpose of this research was to determine...