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- 15Weselake, Randall J.
- 7Chen, Guanqun
- 5Mietkiewska, Elzbieta
- 5Siloto, Rodrigo M. P.
- 5Singer, Stacy D.
- 4Caldo, Kristian Mark P.
- 3Linum usitatissimum
- 3Triacylglycerol biosynthesis
- 2Brassica napus
Acyl-CoA-binding and self-associating properties of a recombinant 13.3 kDa N-terminal fragment of diacylglycerol acyltransferase-1 from oilseed rapeDownload
Nykiforuk, Cory L., Szarka, Steve J., Laroche, André, Mosimann, Steven C., Burton, Tracy L., Thibault, Benjamin J., Boora, Parveen S., Madhavji, Milan, Foroud, Nora A., Moloney, Maurice M., Wiehler, William B., Patterson, Nii A., Weselake, Randall J., Furukawa-Stoffer, Tara L.
Background Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT, EC 188.8.131.52) catalyzes the acyl-CoA-dependent acylation of sn-1, 2-diacylglycerol to generate triacylglycerol and CoA. The deduced amino acid sequence of cDNAs encoding DGAT1 from plants and mammals exhibit a hydrophilic N-terminal region followed...
GLYCEROL-3-PHOSPHATE ACYLTRANSFERASE (GPAT) genes encode enzymes involved in glycerolipid biosynthesis in plants. Ten GPAT homologues have been identified in Arabidopsis. GPATs 4–8 have been shown to be involved in the production of extracellular lipid barrier polyesters. Recently, GPAT9 was...
Punicic acid (PuA; 18: 3Δ 9cis,11trans,13cis ) is an unusual 18-carbon fatty acid bearing three conjugated double bonds. It has been shown to exhibit a myriad of beneficial bioactivities including anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-obesity, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Pomegranate...
Development and characterization of low α-linolenic acid Brassica oleracea lines bearing a novel mutation in a ‘class a’ FATTY ACID DESATURASE 3geneDownload
Background Traditional canola (Brassica napus L.; AACC, 2n = 38) cultivars yield seed oil with a relatively high proportion of α-linolenic acid (ALA; C18:3cisΔ9,12,15), which is desirable from a health perspective. Unfortunately, due to the instability of this fatty acid, elevated levels also...
Fatty acid composition of developing sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berry and the transcriptome of the mature seedDownload
Background Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) is a hardy, fruit-producing plant known historically for its medicinal and nutraceutical properties. The most recognized product of sea buckthorn is its fruit oil, composed of seed oil that is rich in essential fatty acids, linoleic (18∶2ω-6) and...
Functional and topological analysis of yeast acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2, an endoplasmic reticulum enzyme essential for triacylglycerol biosynthesisDownload
Acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (EC 184.108.40.206) is a membrane protein present mainly in the endoplasmic reticulum. It catalyzes the final and committed step in the biosynthesis of triacylglycerol, which is the principal repository of fatty acids for energy utilization and membrane...
Gene coexpression clusters and putative regulatory elements underlying seed storage reserve accumulation in ArabidopsisDownload
Background In Arabidopsis, a large number of genes involved in the accumulation of seed storage reserves during seed development have been characterized, but the relationship of gene expression and regulation underlying this physiological process remains poorly understood. A more holistic view of...
Heterologous expression of flax PHOSPHOLIPID:DIACYLGLYCEROL CHOLINEPHOSPHOTRANSFERASE (PDCT) increases polyunsaturated fatty acid content in yeast and Arabidopsis seedsDownload
Background Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) is an agriculturally important crop with seed oil enriched in α-linolenic acid (18:3 cisΔ9, 12, 15; ALA). This polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) is the major determinant for the quality of flax seed oil in food, nutraceuticals and industrial applications....
High-performance variants of plant diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 generated by directed evolution provide insights into structure functionDownload
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) catalyzes the acyl-CoA-dependent biosynthesis of triacylglycerol, the predominant component of seed oil. In some oil crops, including Brassica napus, the level of DGAT1 activity can have a substantial effect on triacylglycerol production....
Neutral lipids are ubiquitously found in nature, serving primarily as energy storage compounds. The ability to control the rate of neutral lipid bioassembly is of particular interest in numerous applications. For example, restriction of triacylglycerol and steryl ester synthesis in mammals could...