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- 21Proctor, Spencer D.
- 8Vine, Donna F.
- 6Field, Catherine J.
- 6Mangat, Rabban
- 5Wang, Ye
- 4Borthwick, Faye
Arterial retention of remnant lipoproteins ex-vivo is increased during insulin resistance due to increased arterial biglycan and production of cholesterol-rich atherogenic particles, that can be improved by ezetimibe in the JCR:LA-cp ratDownload
Background Literature supports the “response-to-retention” hypothesis—that during insulin resistance, impaired metabolism of remnant lipoproteins can contribute to accelerated cardiovascular disease progression. We used the JCR:LA-cp rat model of metabolic syndrome (MetS) to determine the extent...
Boutin, Hervé, Crossman, David, Smigova, Alison, Drake, Caroline, Allan, Stuart M., Francis, Sheila, Gerhard, Alexander, Jones, Matthew S., Hinz, Rainer, Kassiou, Michael, Hopkins, Stephen J., Vail, Andy, Herholz, Karl, Tyrrell, Pippa J., Selvarajah, Johann R., Rothwell, Nancy J., Julyan, Peter, Georgiou, Rachel F., Brown, Gavin, Maroy, Renaud, Denes, Adam, Russell, James C., Proctor, Spencer D., McColl, Barry W., Prenant, Christian, Hulme, Sharon
Chronic systemic inflammatory conditions, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and obesity are associated with increased risk of stroke, which suggests that systemic inflammation may contribute to the development of stroke in humans. The hypothesis that systemic inflammation may induce brain...
Cardiomyocyte antihypertrophic effect of adipocyte tissue conditioned medium from rats and its abrogation by obesity is mediated by the leptin to adiponectin ratioDownload
White adipocytes are known to function as endocrine organs by secreting a plethora of bioactive adipokines which can regulate cardiac function including the development of hypertrophy. We determined whether adipose tissue conditioned medium (ATCM) generated from the epididymal regions of normal...
Chronic dietary n-3 PUFA intervention improves dyslipidaemia and subsequent cardiovascular complications in the JCR:LA-cp rat model of the metabolic syndromeDownload
There is increasing interest in the potential chronic beneficial effects of dietary n-3 PUFA on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and associated cardiovascular complications. We have recently established that increased dietary n-3 PUFA has a profound acute benefit on fasting lipids and the...
Current issues surrounding the definition of trans-fatty acids: Implications for health, industry and food labelsDownload
The definition of trans-fatty acids (TFA) was established by the Codex Alimentarius to guide nutritional and legislative regulations to reduce TFA consumption. Currently, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is excluded from the TFA definition based on evidence (primarily preclinical studies) implying...
Dietary fish oil reduces glomerular injury and improves elevated renal hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid levels in the JCR:LA-cp rat, a model of the metabolic syndromeDownload
We have previously shown nutritional intervention with fish oil (n-3 PUFA) to reduce numerous complications associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the JCR:LA-corpulent (cp) rat. In the present study, we sought to explore the potential role of fish oil to prevent glomerulosclerosis in...
Differential expression of hypothalamic metabolic and inflammatory genes in response to short-term calorie restriction in juvenile obese- and lean-prone JCR ratsDownload
Background: Childhood obesity is an important early predictor of adult obesity and associated comorbidities. Common forms of obesity are underpinned by both environmental and genetic factors. However, the rising prevalence of obesity in genetically stable populations strongly suggests that...
Down-regulation of hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) expression after weaning is associated with hyperphagia-induced obesity in JCR rats overexpressing neuropeptide YDownload
We hypothesised that hypothalamic feeding-related neuropeptides are differentially expressed in obese-prone and lean-prone rats and trigger overeating-induced obesity. To test this hypothesis, in the present study, we measured energy balance and hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and...
Emerging pathways in the regulation of whole body cholesterol flux: Therapeutic opportunities to target atherosclerosis?Download
INTRODUCTION: CVD remains one of the most frequent causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Increased awareness of lifestyle factors (nutrition/exercise), as well as the refinement of lipid-lowering therapies, has availed some progress in reducing the incidence of CVD. Historically, the...
Feeding long chain (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids to obese leptin receptor deficient JCR:LA-cp rats modifies immune function and lipid raft fatty acid compositionDownload
Dietary EPA and DHA modulate immunity and thereby may improve the aberrant immune function in obese states. To determine the effects of feeding fish oil (FO) containing EPA and DHA on splenocyte phospholipid (PL) and lipid-raft fatty acid composition, phenotypes and cytokine production,...