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- 19Proctor, Spencer D.
- 8Vine, Donna F.
- 6Field, Catherine J.
- 6Mangat, Rabban
- 5Wang, Ye
- 4Borthwick, Faye
Separation and quantitation of apolipoprotein B48 and other apolipoproteins by dynamic sieving capillary electrophoresisDownload
Apolipoprotein-B-48 is a structural protein exclusively associated with post-prandial lipoproteins (chylomicrons). Apolipoprotein B-48 would be a useful marker to monitor the kinetics of chylomicrons in vivo, however, its quantitation is limited because of a low concentration in plasma and lack...
Feeding long chain (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids to obese leptin receptor deficient JCR:LA-cp rats modifies immune function and lipid raft fatty acid compositionDownload
Dietary EPA and DHA modulate immunity and thereby may improve the aberrant immune function in obese states. To determine the effects of feeding fish oil (FO) containing EPA and DHA on splenocyte phospholipid (PL) and lipid-raft fatty acid composition, phenotypes and cytokine production,...
Vaccenic acid (VA) is a ruminant-derived trans-fat and precursor of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of VA on immune function in a model of the metabolic syndrome, JCR:LA-cp rats. Lean (2:1 mix of +/cp and +/+) and obese (cp/cp) rats,...
Increased hypolipidemic benefits of cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid in combination with trans-11 vaccenic acid in a rodent model of the metabolic syndrome, the JCR:LA-cp ratDownload
Background Conjugated linoleic acid (cis-9, trans-11 CLA) and trans-11 vaccenic acid (VA) are found naturally in ruminant-derived foods. CLA has been shown to have numerous potential health related effects and has been extensively investigated. More recently, we have shown that VA has...
Vaccenic and elaidic acid modify plasma and splenocyte membrane phospholipids and mitogen-stimulated cytokine production in obese insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp ratsDownload
This study assessed the long-term effects of dietary vaccenic acid (VA) and elaidic acid (EA) on plasma and splenocyte phospholipid (PL) composition and related changes in inflammation and splenocyte phenotypes and cytokine responses in obese/insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp rats. Relative to lean...
Impaired de novo choline synthesis explains why phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase-deficient mice are protected from diet-induced obesityDownload
Kuo, Ming-Shang, Dyck, Jason R. B., Sletten, Torunn, Proctor, Spencer D., Jacobs, René L., Lingrell, Susanne, Cao, Guoqing, Peake, David A., Kennedy, Brian P., Zhao, Yang, Vance, Dennis E., Koonen, Debby P. Y., Su, Brian
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is synthesized from choline via the CDP-choline pathway. Liver cells can also synthesize PC via the sequential methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine, catalyzed by phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT). The current study investigates whether or not hepatic...
Chronic dietary n-3 PUFA intervention improves dyslipidaemia and subsequent cardiovascular complications in the JCR:LA-cp rat model of the metabolic syndromeDownload
There is increasing interest in the potential chronic beneficial effects of dietary n-3 PUFA on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and associated cardiovascular complications. We have recently established that increased dietary n-3 PUFA has a profound acute benefit on fasting lipids and the...
Boutin, Hervé, Crossman, David, Smigova, Alison, Drake, Caroline, Allan, Stuart M., Francis, Sheila, Gerhard, Alexander, Jones, Matthew S., Hinz, Rainer, Kassiou, Michael, Hopkins, Stephen J., Vail, Andy, Herholz, Karl, Tyrrell, Pippa J., Selvarajah, Johann R., Rothwell, Nancy J., Julyan, Peter, Georgiou, Rachel F., Brown, Gavin, Maroy, Renaud, Denes, Adam, Russell, James C., Proctor, Spencer D., McColl, Barry W., Prenant, Christian, Hulme, Sharon
Chronic systemic inflammatory conditions, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and obesity are associated with increased risk of stroke, which suggests that systemic inflammation may contribute to the development of stroke in humans. The hypothesis that systemic inflammation may induce brain...
Arterial retention of remnant lipoproteins ex-vivo is increased during insulin resistance due to increased arterial biglycan and production of cholesterol-rich atherogenic particles, that can be improved by ezetimibe in the JCR:LA-cp ratDownload
Background Literature supports the “response-to-retention” hypothesis—that during insulin resistance, impaired metabolism of remnant lipoproteins can contribute to accelerated cardiovascular disease progression. We used the JCR:LA-cp rat model of metabolic syndrome (MetS) to determine the extent...
Understanding postprandial inflammation and its relationship to lifestyle behaviour and metabolic diseasesDownload
Postprandial hyperlipidemia with accumulation of remnant lipoproteins is a common metabolic disturbance associated with atherosclerosis and vascular dysfunction, particularly during chronic disease states such as obesity, the metabolic syndrome and, diabetes. Remnant lipoproteins become attached...