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- 36Field, Catherine J.
- 6Proctor, Spencer D.
- 6Ruth, Megan R.
- 5Goruk, Susan
- 4Azad, Meghan B.
- 4Kaplan, Bonnie J.
A randomized, controlled trial of ginseng consumption on the immune response to a moderate exercise stress protocol in non-athletic womenDownload
Background: Ginseng is a popular herbal remedy that has been proposed to increase resistance to stress and enhance immune function. Regular moderate exercise results in an acute physiological stress that affects immune function. Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of...
A systematic review on the effect of sweeteners on glycemic response and clinically relevant outcomesDownload
Background The major metabolic complications of obesity and type 2 diabetes may be prevented and managed with dietary modification. The use of sweeteners that provide little or no calories may help to achieve this objective. Methods We did a systematic review and network meta-analysis of the...
Assessment of the mechanisms exerting glucose-lowering effects of dried peas in glucose-intolerant ratsDownload
The present study compared the effects of feeding uncooked pea fractions (embryo v. seed coat) on glucose homeostasis in glucose-intolerant rats and examined potential mechanisms influencing glucose homeostasis. Rats were made glucose intolerant by high-fat feeding, after which diets containing...
Punicic acid (PuA; 18: 3Δ 9cis,11trans,13cis ) is an unusual 18-carbon fatty acid bearing three conjugated double bonds. It has been shown to exhibit a myriad of beneficial bioactivities including anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-obesity, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Pomegranate...
Brain fatty acid-binding protein and ω-3/ω-6 fatty acids: Mechanistic insight into the poor prognosis of malignant glioma cell migrationDownload
Malignant gliomas (MG) are highly infiltrative tumors that consistently recur despite aggressive treatment. Brain fatty acid-binding protein (FABP7), which binds docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA), localizes to sites of tumor infiltration and is associated with a poor prognosis...
Choline demands during lactation are high; however, detailed knowledge is lacking regarding the optimal dietary intake during this critical period. The present study was designed to determine the effects of varying intakes of choline on maternal immune function during lactation. Primiparous...
Chronic dietary n-3 PUFA intervention improves dyslipidaemia and subsequent cardiovascular complications in the JCR:LA-cp rat model of the metabolic syndromeDownload
There is increasing interest in the potential chronic beneficial effects of dietary n-3 PUFA on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and associated cardiovascular complications. We have recently established that increased dietary n-3 PUFA has a profound acute benefit on fasting lipids and the...
Diabetes-prone BioBreeding rats do not have a normal immune response when weaned to a diet containing fermentable fibreDownload
Diet is known to modulate the development of diabetes in diabetes-prone BioBreeding (BBdp) rats. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of fermentable fibre (FF) on immune function in BBdp and diabetes-resistant BioBreeding (BBdr) rats after weaning. Weanling BBdp...
Effect of providing a formula supplemented with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on immunity in full term neonatesDownload
To determine the effect of feeding formula containing long-chain PUFA (LCP) on immune function, healthy term infants were randomised at age 2 weeks to either a standard term formula (Formula; n 14) or the same formula supplemented with the LCP 20 : 4n-6 and 22 : 6n-3 (Formula+LCP; n 16)....
Effects of aerobic training on the host systemic milieu in patients with solid tumors: An exploratory correlative studyDownload
Stevens, Robert D., Courneya, Kerry S., Inman, Brant A., Muehlbauer, Michael, Nelson, Erik R., Jasper, Jeff, Field, Catherine J., Jones, Lee W., Glass, Oliver K., Bain, James R., Broadwater, Gloria, Goruk, Susan, Hirschey, Matthew D., Mackey, John R.
background: Few studies have investigated the effects of exercise on modulation of host factors in cancer patients. We investigated the efficacy of chronic aerobic training on multiple host-related effector pathways in patients with solid tumours. patients and methods: Paired peripheral blood...