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- 10Chen, Guanqun
- 7Weselake, Randall J.
- 6Xu, Yang
- 4Caldo, Kristian Mark P.
- 4Mietkiewska, Elzbieta
- 3Greer, Michael S.
Plant phospholipase As (PLAs) are a complex group of enzymes that catalyze the release of free fatty acids from phospholipids. Plant PLAs can be grouped into three families, PLA1, PLA2, and patatin-like PLA, that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl groups from the sn-1 and/or sn-2 position. Each...
In vivo and in vitro evidence for biochemical coupling of reactions catalyzed by lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase and diacyglycerol acyltransferaseDownload
Seed oils of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) and many other plant species contain substantial amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is the major site for PUFA synthesis. The exact mechanisms of how these PUFAs are channeled from PC into triacylglycerol (TAG) needs...
GLYCEROL-3-PHOSPHATE ACYLTRANSFERASE (GPAT) genes encode enzymes involved in glycerolipid biosynthesis in plants. Ten GPAT homologues have been identified in Arabidopsis. GPATs 4–8 have been shown to be involved in the production of extracellular lipid barrier polyesters. Recently, GPAT9 was...
High-performance variants of plant diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 generated by directed evolution provide insights into structure functionDownload
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) catalyzes the acyl-CoA-dependent biosynthesis of triacylglycerol, the predominant component of seed oil. In some oil crops, including Brassica napus, the level of DGAT1 activity can have a substantial effect on triacylglycerol production....
Multiple mechanisms contribute to increased neutral lipid accumulation in yeast producing recombinant variants of plant diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1Download
The apparent bottleneck in the accumulation of oil during seed development in some oleaginous plant species is the formation of triacylglycerol (TAG) by the acyl-CoA-dependent acylation of sn-1,2- diacylglycerol catalyzed by diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT, EC 126.96.36.199). Improving DGAT...
Substrate preferences of long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase contribute to enrichment of flax seed oil with a-linolenic acidDownload
Seed oil from flax (Linum usitatissimum) is enriched in a-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3?9cis,12cis,15cis), but the biochemical processes underlying the enrichment of flax seed oil with this polyunsaturated fatty acid are not fully elucidated. Here, a potential process involving the catalytic actions...
Punicic acid (PuA; 18: 3Δ 9cis,11trans,13cis ) is an unusual 18-carbon fatty acid bearing three conjugated double bonds. It has been shown to exhibit a myriad of beneficial bioactivities including anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-obesity, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Pomegranate...
Substrate preferences of long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase contribute to enrichment of flax seed oil with α -linolenic acidDownload
Seed oil from flax ( Linum usitatissimum ) is enriched in α -linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3 Δ 9 cis ,12 cis ,15 cis) but the biochemical processes underlying the enrichment of flax seed oil with this polyunsaturated fatty acid are not fully elucidated. Here, a potential process involving the catalytic...
Characterization of Type-2 Diacylglycerol Acyltransferases in the Green Microalga Chromochloris zofingiensisDownload
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the last and committed step of the acyl-CoA-dependent TAG biosynthesis and thus is a key target for manipulating oil production in microalgae. The microalga Chromochloris zofingiensis can accumulate substantial amounts of triacylglycerol (TAG) and...
Plant sn‐Glycerol‐3‐Phosphate Acyltransferases: Biocatalysts Involved in the Biosynthesis of Intracellular and Extracellular LipidsDownload
Acyl‐lipids such as intracellular phospholipids, galactolipids, sphingolipids, and surface lipids play a crucial role in plant cells by serving as major components of cellular membranes, seed storage oils, and extracellular lipids such as cutin and suberin. Plant lipids are also widely used to...