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- 9Ambrose, Divakar J.
- 2Colazo, Marcos G.
- 2Kastelic, John P.
- 1Ametaj, Burim N.
- 1Burton, Bruce
- 1Emmanuel, Daya G. V.
Transrectal real-time ultrasonography has proved to be a rapid and reliable technique for studying reproductive functions in cattle. Through ultrasonography it is now established that follicular growth occurs in wave-like patterns during each estrous cycle. It has been shown that follicular...
A simple procedure to secure an indwelling jugular vein catheter to the neck of cattle for repeated blood samplingDownload
Abstract A procedure to secure a jugular vein catheter system to the neck of cattle is described. A wide-mouthed polypropylene bottle attached to a halter strap provided a secure container for the catheter. This device allowed convenient access to the catheter for repeated sampling and,...
Ovarian and endocrine responses associated with the treatment of cystic ovarian follicles in dairy cows with gonadotropin releasing hormone and prostaglandin F2alpha, with or without exogenous progesteroneDownload
The objectives of this observational study were to document ovarian and endocrine responses associated with the treatment of cystic ovarian follicles (COFs) in dairy cows, using gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and prostaglandin F2α(PGF) with or without exogenous progesterone. A secondary...
Luteolysis, onset of estrus, and ovulation in Holstein heifers given prostaglandin F2alpha concurrent with, or 24 hours prior to, removal of an intravaginal, progesterone-releasing deviceDownload
The objective was to determine the effects of giving prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF) concurrent with, or 24 h before, removal of an intravaginal, progesterone-releasing (controlled internal drug release [CIDR]) device, on luteolysis, the synchrony of estrus and ovulation. Eighteen postpubertal...
Abstract — The early conception factor (ECF) lateral flow test was evaluated for its ability to accurately determine nonpregnant status in dairy cattle. Results of 2 field trials involving 191 cows and 832 tests indicated the probability that a cow can be correctly diagnosed as nonpregnant by...
Abstract — An 8-month-old, virgin Holstein heifer with precocious mammary development was presented for examination. Protein, fat, and lactose in the mammary secretion were 14.90%, 0.12%, and 0.20%, respectively; somatic cell count was 3.9 3 10 6 /mL, with no bacterial infection. The heifer was...
Comparison of 2 enzyme immunoassays and a radioimmunoassay for measurement of progesterone concentrations in bovine plasma, skim milk, and whole milkDownload
The objective of this study was to compare 2 enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) with a radioimmunoassay (RIA) as to sensitivity and accuracy in the measurement of the progesterone (P4) concentration in bovine plasma, skim milk, and whole milk. The 72 samples from 24 lactating dairy cows expected to have...
Characterisation of bacterial microbiota of the vagina of dairy cows and isolation of pediocin-producing Pediococcus acidilacticiDownload
Background Uterine infections in dairy cows lower profitability of dairy operations. Infections of the reproductive tract are related to the overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria during the first three weeks after parturition. However, alterations in the vaginal microbiota composition in the first...
A prepartum diet supplemented with oilseeds high in oleic or linoleic acid reduced GnRH-induced LH release in dairy cows during second week postpartumDownload
Background The objective was to determine the effect of prepartum diets supplemented with rolled canola seed (high in oleic acid) or sunflower seed (high in linoleic acid) on luteinizing hormone (LH) pulsatility and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)-induced LH release during early postpartum....