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- 4Willows, Noreen D.
- 2Field, Catherine J.
- 1Abdussalam, Ali MA
- 1Abu Alrub, Osama Y
- 1Alberta Centre for Active Living
- 1Alexander First Nation
- 28Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of
- 28Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
- 11Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of
- 11Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of/Journal Articles (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
- 3Nursing, Faculty of
- 2Nursing, Faculty of/Health Equity
A longitudinal and cross-sectional examination of the relationship between reasons for choosing a neighbourhood, physical activity and body mass indexDownload
Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between body mass index and neighborhood walkability, socioeconomic status (SES), reasons for choosing neighborhoods, physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, and demographic variables. Methods: Two studies,...
An experimental investigation of the impact of fat taxes: Price effects, food stigma, and information effects on economic instruments to improve dietary healthDownload
This thesis investigates how a tax and warning label on less healthy snack food products may affect consumer behaviour when the imposition of the tax is a source of consumer information. A survey that included choice experiments was implemented in supermarkets. Participants were asked to choose...
The growing prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents is of great concern. The objective of this research was to assess the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and individual factors such as: dietary intake, physical activity and sedentary behaviours; and to assess the...
Cardiomyocyte antihypertrophic effect of adipocyte tissue conditioned medium from rats and its abrogation by obesity is mediated by the leptin to adiponectin ratioDownload
White adipocytes are known to function as endocrine organs by secreting a plethora of bioactive adipokines which can regulate cardiac function including the development of hypertrophy. We determined whether adipose tissue conditioned medium (ATCM) generated from the epididymal regions of normal...
Cardiovascular Disease Risk factors in Canadian-born and Immigrant Children and Youth in the Canadian Health Measures SurveyDownload
Immigrants make up almost 20% of Canada’s population. Recent adult immigrants to Canada are generally in better health than those born in Canada. However, we know little about whether this is also the case in children. We compared mean levels and prevalence of adverse levels of CVD risk factors...
Characterizing the Mesolimbic Dopamine Reward Pathway in a Magel2-null Mouse, a Model of Prader-Willi SyndromeDownload
Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder characterized by extreme hyperphagia that can lead to severe obesity. The abnormal motivation to eat in PWS suggests a disruption in the hedonic feeding pathway, which is feeding based on reward as opposed to physiological need. Hedonic feeding is...
Cree women speak: Intergenerational perspectives on weight gain during pregnancy and weight loss after pregnancyDownload
Obesity is prevalent among the First Nations population in Canada, with serious associated health risks. Recent studies also indicate that a high percentage of First Nations women are overweight or obese at the start of their pregnancies, with a tendency to retain weight after their children are...
The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased dramatically over the last three decades in Canada with substantial consequences for the physical, mental, and economic wellbeing of the population. The overarching objective of this thesis was to examine the various aspects of childhood obesity...
An individual’s body weight is tightly regulated by balancing food intake with energy expenditure. This is accomplished in part by secretion of the hormone leptin by adipocytes, an excess of which signals to reduce appetite and increase activity through action in the hypothalamic region of the...
Do sugar-sweetened beverages cause adverse health outcomes in children? A systematic review protocolDownload
Ziegler, Paula, Hamel, Candyce, Gow, Robert, Hutton, Brian, Pound, Catherine, Hadjiyannakis, Stasia, Sharma, Arya, Myers, Esther, Willows, Noreen, Singh, Kavita, Fenton, Shannon, Salewski, Erinn, Shrier, Ian, Ansari, Mohammed T., Stevens, Adrienne, O'Hara, Kathryn, Moher, David, Bjerre, Lise M., Tremblay, Mark
Background Cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes are examples of chronic diseases that impose significant morbidity and mortality in the general population worldwide. Most chronic diseases are associated with underlying preventable risk factors, such as elevated blood pressure, high blood...