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- 20Chan, Catherine B.
- 7Wheeler, Michael B.
- 4Koshkin, Vasilij
- 3Bell, Rhonda C.
- 2Adisakwattana, Sirichai
- 2Dai, Feihan F.
- 3Physical Activity
- 2Adipose Tissue
- 2Advanced Glycation End Products
Assessing the effects of weather conditions on physical activity participation using objective measuresDownload
Habitual physical activity is an important determinant of health, yet many people are considered to be inactive. Identification of the obstacles to greater participation is necessary for the development of strategies to overcome those obstacles. The weather has been identified as a perceived...
Background Adipose tissue mitochondria have been implicated as key mediators of systemic metabolism. We have shown that IL-6 activates AMPK, a mediator of mitochondrial biogenesis, in adipose tissue; however, IL-6−/− mice fed a high fat diet have been reported to develop insulin resistance. These...
Collective knowledge: Using a consensus conference approach to develop recommendations for physical activity and nutrition programs for persons with type 2 diabetesDownload
The purpose of this consensus conference was to have a lay panel of persons with type 2 diabetes (T2D) work in collaboration with an expert panel of diabetes professionals to develop strategies designed to improve dietary and physical activity adherence in persons with T2D. Lay panel participants...
Assessment of the mechanisms exerting glucose-lowering effects of dried peas in glucose-intolerant ratsDownload
The present study compared the effects of feeding uncooked pea fractions (embryo v. seed coat) on glucose homeostasis in glucose-intolerant rats and examined potential mechanisms influencing glucose homeostasis. Rats were made glucose intolerant by high-fat feeding, after which diets containing...
Background Glyceroneogenesis is an important step in the control of fatty acid re-esterification with PEPCK and PDK4 being identified as key enzymes in this process. We have previously shown that glyceroneogenic enzymes such as PDK4 are rapidly induced in white adipose tissue during exercise....
Immigrants to a new country face many challenges when diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, a chronic disease with a complex treatment involving both medical and behavioral interventions. These challenges will depend upon the extent to which the patient has adapted to the new country’s social and...
Isoferulic acid, a new anti-glycation agent, inhibits fructose- and glucose-mediated protein glycation in vitroDownload
The inhibitory activity of isoferulic acid (IFA) on fructose- and glucose-mediated protein glycation and oxidation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated. Our data showed that IFA (1.25–5 mM) inhibited the formation of fluorescent advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and non-fluorescent...
Background Severe obesity (SO) in pediatrics has become increasing prevalent in recent decades. The objective of our study was to examine differences in demographic, anthropometric, cardiometabolic, and lifestyle variables in children and youth with SO versus their less overweight/obese (OW/OB)...
Isoferulic acid prevents methylglyoxal-induced protein glycation and DNA damage by free radical scavenging activityDownload
Background Isoferulic acid (IFA), a naturally occurring cinnamic acid derivative, is a main active ingredient of the rhizoma of Cimicifuga dahurica. It has been shown various pharmacological activities. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of IFA against MG-induced protein glycation...
The reliability and validity of the perceived dietary adherence questionnaire for people with type 2 diabetesDownload
Nutrition therapy is essential for diabetes treatment, and assessment of dietary intake can be time consuming. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid instrument to measure diabetic patients’ adherence to Canadian diabetes nutrition recommendations. Specific information...