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  • http://hdl.handle.net/10402/era.25233
  • The Forest for the Trees: Critically Rethinking Current Perspectives on Focus on Form and SLA
  • Longard, Jeffrey S
  • English
  • communicative language teaching
    focus on form
    focus on formS
    focus on meaning
    form-focused instruction
    grammar-translation
    ideology
    immersion
    integrated form-focused instruction
    isolated form-focused instruction
    natural method, second-language pedagogy
  • Jan 19, 2012 11:30 AM
  • Thesis
  • English
  • Adobe PDF
  • 921185 bytes
  • Following advancements in linguistics in the 1950s and 1960s, second language teaching and research became dominated by the notion that a second language could be learned as naturally as the first, without explicit grammar instruction. This natural or communicative approach, though improving fluency and comprehension, nevertheless resulted in certain lapses in accuracy. In response, Long (1991) proposed a “focus on form” to address formal issues without leaving the communicative framework. This study examines the development of the ideology and practice of focus on form and analyzes representative studies. Results suggest that although the terminology of focus on form has remained intact in order to preserve its ideology, the actual practice has often broadened to include explicit and extensive grammar teaching, or “focus on formS.” This thesis therefore calls for a more open system of second language research and pedagogy which articulates and employs effective methods regardless of their ideological constraints.
  • Master's
  • Master of Arts
  • Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies
  • Applied Linguistics
  • Spring 2012
  • Maheux-Pelletier, Genevieve (Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
  • Zapata, Gabriela (Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
    ElAtia, Samira (Campus Saint-Jean)