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  • http://hdl.handle.net/10402/era.27983
  • Surgical reconstruction of the lingual and hypoglossal nerves in oropharyngeal cancer: anterior oral cavity sensorimotor and quality of life outcomes
  • Elfring, Tracy Tamiko
  • English
  • oropharyngeal reconstruction
    sensation
    nerve repair
    quality of life
    radial forearm free flap
    sensorimotor outcomes
    head and neck cancer
    lingual nerve
    hypoglossal nerve
    tongue sensation
  • May 12, 2010 4:36 PM
  • Thesis
  • English
  • Adobe PDF
  • 1242295 bytes
  • This study explores the effects of surgical reconstruction and nerve repair on sensorimotor function and quality of life (QOL) for patients with base of tongue (BOT) cancer compared to healthy, age-matched adults. Sensations were tested on the anterior two-thirds of the oral tongue for two-point discrimination, light touch, taste, temperature, form and texture on 30 patients with BOT reconstruction with radial forearm free-flap and on 30 controls. Results indicated sensation for the unaffected tongue side and affected side with lingual nerve intact was comparable to controls, with poorer sensory outcomes for nerve repair. However, lingual nerves repaired with reanastomosis provided superior results to cable-grafting and severed nerves. Patients had decreased motor function only when the hypoglossal and lingual nerves were affected. Patients' QOL responses on the UW-QOL and EORTC QLQ-H&N35 revealed involvement of lingual and hypoglossal nerves resulted in poorer QOL outcomes. QOL interviews revealed additional problematic issues in this population not identified by standardized questionnaires.
  • Master's
  • Master of Science
  • Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology
  • Fall 2010
  • Boliek, Carol (Speech Pathology and Audiology)
    Rieger, Jana (Speech Pathology and Audiology)
  • Funk, Greg (Physiology)
    Seikaly, Hadi (Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)