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  • http://hdl.handle.net/10402/era.25528
  • The effects of underplanted white spruce on understory environment and vegetation in aspen-dominated stands of the western boreal forest
  • Graham, Erica E.
  • English
  • underplanting
    white spruce
    understory vegetation
    boreal forest
    aspen
  • Feb 28, 2012 1:53 PM
  • Thesis
  • English
  • Adobe PDF
  • 1063645 bytes
  • In the boreal forest of Alberta, Canada, underplanting white spruce (Picea glauca) in aspen (Populus tremuloides) forests attempts to address concerns about "unmixing the mixedwoods". Important ecological differences exist between mixedwood, broadleaf and conifer forests. I studied changes in understory environment and vegetation of underplanted stands, and examined how changes related to distance from individual spruce. No changes were observed 4-5 and 10 years after underplanting. Forest floor pH and microbial nitrogen increased within one meter of 15 year old spruce. By 48 years after underplanting, litter and FH depths, soil sulphur, and forest floor pH increased; soil temperature, light, vegetation cover, total and herb richness and Shannon.s Diversity Index decreased. These effects had limited spatial extent, occurring only within 1-2 meters from the spruce. If the overstory aspen are harvested, the underplanted white spruce may have greater influence on the understory environment and vegetation in the subsequent regenerating stands.
  • Master's
  • Master of Science
  • Department of Renewable Resources
  • Forest Biology and Management
  • Spring 2012
  • Macdonald, Ellen (Renewable Resources)
  • Comeau, Philip (Renewable Resources)
    Grover, Brigitte (Renewable Resources)
    Bork, Edward (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)