- Superﬂuidity near localization: supersolid and superglass
- Dang, Long
- superfluidity, supersolidity, superglass, disorder, helium film, optical lattice
- May 14, 2010 9:06 PM
- Adobe PDF
- 2689026 bytes
- The main theme of this thesis is the interplay between superﬂuidity and localization, in a system of strongly correlated Bose particles. Driving this investigation is the search for yet unobserved phases of matter, such as the so-called supersolid. Using state-of-the- art, numerically exact computer simulations, we have carried out an extensive theoretical investigation of the effects of long-range interactions, inhomogeneity, disorder and frustration in a simple model of lattice Bosons. In particular, we explore the scenario of vacancy- and interstitial-based supersolid phases of hard core bosons on a square lattice, interacting repulsively via a nearest-neighbour and next-nearest neighbour potential. Secondly, in an attempt to model the physics of a layer of helium adsorbed on a corrugated substrate, an additional superlattice of the absorption sites is imposed to the system of hard core bosons, and the resulting low temperature phase diagram is studied. Finally, the possibility of actually inducing by disorder superﬂuidity (superglass) in a system that does not display it in the absence of disorder is demonstrated. The quantitative and qual- itative predictions at which we have arrived appear to be at least in principle testable experimentally, for example by performing measurements on ultracold atoms in optical lattices.
- Doctor of Philosophy
- Department of Physics
- Fall 2010
- Massimo Boninsegni (Physics)
Kevin Beach (Physics)
Mauricio Sacchi (Physics)
Craig Heinke, Physics)
Alex Brown (Chemistry)
Mona Berciu (Physics), University of British Columbia
Theses and Dissertations Spring 2009 to present
Department of Physics
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