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  • http://hdl.handle.net/10402/era.27484
  • Grizzly bears, roads, and human-bear conflicts in southwestern Alberta
  • Joseph, Northrup
  • English
  • Grizzly bear
    Ursus arctos
    access management
    traffic model
    bear-human conflict
    carnivore-human conflict
    roads
  • Jul 15, 2010 3:55 PM
  • Thesis
  • English
  • Adobe PDF
  • 771878 bytes
  • Because most grizzly bear mortalities occur near roads, the Province of Alberta plans to implement gated access management. Little is known about how grizzly bears will respond to road closures because the effects of roads are confounded by habitat and human use. I examined mechanisms underlying grizzly bear habitat selection near roads on private and public lands of southwestern Alberta. I incorporated habitat selection models into an analysis of conflict risk. Grizzly bears selected areas near roads with low traffic and were most active at night on private lands, where human use was low. However, habitat selection varied among individuals, and roads were not a consistent predictor of overall habitat selection across individual bears. Patterns of habitat selection led to the emergence of ecological traps on private land. Access and attractant management should be implemented to reduce bear-human conflicts, and decrease displacement of bears from high-quality habitats.
  • Master's
  • Master of Science
  • Department of Biological Sciences
  • Fall 2010
  • Boyce, Mark (Biological Sciences)
  • Dercocher, Andrew (Biological Sciences)
    Proctor, Heather (Biological Sciences)
    He, Fangliang (Renewable Resources)
    Stenhouse, Gordon (Foothills Research Institute)