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  • The Relationship Between Diet Quality and Mental Health in Canadian Children
  • McMartin, Seanna E.
  • English
  • Nutrition
    Mental Health
  • Jan 30, 2012 4:53 PM
  • Thesis
  • English
  • Adobe PDF
  • 826107 bytes
  • Mental health disorders are a significant problem facing children. Emerging research suggests there is a link between nutrition and mental health. This thesis examines the association between diet quality and mental health in children. The first objective was to examine the cross-sectional relationship between feeling worried, sad or unhappy and diet quality in grade 5 students. This study found that diet quality was significantly associated with lower odds of feeling worried, sad or unhappy. The second objective was to determine the directionality of the relationship, which examined the relationship between diet quality and internalizing disorders over a period of three years. This study found that children with greater variety in their diet had significantly lower rates of internalizing disorder in subsequent years The present findings suggest that quality of the diet rather than specific nutrients may be implicated in the development of mental health disorders. This has important implications due to the modifiable nature of individual diet. Intervention and longitudinal studies are needed to expand on the present findings.
  • McMartin, S.E., Kuhle, S., Colman, I., Kirk, S.F., Veugelers, P. (2011). “ Diet Quality and Mental Health in Subsequent Years among Canadian Youth”. [In press Public Health Nutrition].
  • Master's
  • Master of Science
  • School Public Health Sciences
  • Epidemiology
  • Spring 2012
  • Veugelers, Paul (School of Public Health Sciences)/ Colman, Ian (Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa)
  • Willows, Noreen (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)
    Ohinmaa, Arto (School of Public Health Sciences)