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  • http://hdl.handle.net/10402/era.29436
  • Examining the Moderating Effects of Adolescent Self-Compassion on the Relationship Between Social Rank and Depression
  • Williams, Jennifer L
  • English
  • self-compassion
    depression
    social rank
  • Dec 3, 2012 3:48 PM
  • Thesis
  • English
  • Adobe PDF
  • 632417 bytes
  • Depression among today’s youth is associated with detrimental risk factors, including suicide. The social rank theory of depression suggests that humans naturally engage in social competition to achieve status and when perceptions of inferiority arise, depression may be triggered. The current study examined self-compassion as a resiliency mechanism against depression among adolescents with perceptions of low social rank. It was proposed that low social rank and decreased self-compassion would predict depression, and that self-compassion would moderate the relationship between rank and depression. A sample of 126 adolescents completed questionnaires measuring depression, social rank (defined by social comparison and submissive behaviour), and self-compassion. Results indicated that negative social comparison, increased submissive behaviour, and decreased self-compassion predicted depression. Furthermore, high levels of self-compassion weakened the relationship between rank and depression, while low levels of self-compassion strengthened the relationship. These findings may have important implications for counselling psychologists working with depression in adolescence.
  • Master's
  • Master of Education
  • Department of Educational Psychology
  • Counselling Psychology
  • Spring 2013
  • Van Vliet, K. Jessica (Department of Educational Psychology)
  • Truscott, Derek (Educational Psychology)
    Leroy, Carol (Elementary Education)