ERA Banner

Sandy Campbell

RSS Feed

Public Services Librarian and Liaison to Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry.

Sandy Campbell

John W. Scott Health Sciences Library

John W. Scott Health Sciences Library
2K4.01 Walter C. Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre
University of Alberta
Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2R7

  • Systematic Review Searching
  • Patent Searching
  • Information Literacy Instruction
  • University of the Arctic Library
  • Arctic Health Information
  • Continuing Education Certification
  • Mountain Parks Repeat Photography

  • LIS 520 - Co-instructor (Fall 2011)

  • Assoc. Fellow-Aust. Lib. Info Assoc.
  • Best First Time Poster - EAHIL 2012

Subject areas and related deposits

  • Black Gold Zone Team Roster and Events

  • Canadian Circumpolar Institute

  • Collection management (Libraries) - Alberta

    • Building an Undergraduate Book Approval Plan for a Large Academic Library

      The University of Alberta Libraries (UAL), working with two book vendors, created large-scale undergraduate book approval plans to deliver new publications. Detailed selections profiles were created for many subject areas, designed to deliver books that would have been obvious choices by subject selectors. More than 5800 monographs were received through the book approval plans during the pilot period. These volumes proved to be highly relevant to users, showing twice as much circulation as other monographs acquired during the same time period. Goals achieved through this project include: release of selectors’ time from routine work, systematic acquisition of a broadly based highdemand undergraduate collection and faster delivery of undergraduate materials. This successful program will be expanded and incorporated into UAL’s normal acquisitions processes for undergraduate materials.

  • Computer-assisted instruction

    • Keeping students engaged by simulating continuing medical education

      The objective was to convert a paper-based seeking and evaluating evidence assignment to an interactive electronic format. In addition, the aim was to increase medical student engagement with the assignment by simulating a continuing medical education environment that many students will encounter in their future medical careers. The College of Family Physicians of Canada’s ePearls™ continuing medical education environment was adapted for use as a student assignment and embedded in the medical school’s learning management system. The assignment was delivered during the transitional course that bridges students’ pre-clinical and clinical experiences. All of the students had completed a similar paper based assignment within the previous two years. Students completed the interactive electronic assignment during class time. At the end of the session, students were asked to complete an electronic survey which was designed to measure their preference for the paper or electronic delivery of the assignment and whether or not the delivery in the context of a continuing medical education environment was engaging for them. 42 of the 155 students who completed the assignment also completed part or all of the online survey. Most respondents perceived the introduction to the continuing medical education environment as being helpful (86%, n=40) and expressed a preference for doing the assignment in the online format (86%, n=42). Comments indicated that students valued its clinical relevance and the opportunity to immediately practice what they had learned while still having guidance at hand. Based on these results, the Library and CHE will collaborate together to deliver subsequent information literacy instruction in this format.

  • Continuing Education - Librarians - Canada

  • Continuing Education Certification - Librarians - Canada

  • Continuing medical education

    • Using a Professional Continuing Medical Education Simulation to Engage Undergraduate Medical Students in Information Literacy

      Objective: 1. To engage students by delivering an Evidence Based Medicine assignment in a system that simulates a professional medical continuing education system that many participants will use in residency and practice. 2. To convert a paper-based “searching for and evaluating evidence” assignment to an interactive electronic format, embedded in a course management system. Methods: The College of Family Physicians of Canada's Pearls™ continuing medical education program was simplified for use by medical students beginning their Clinical Clerkship. All of the students had completed a similar paper-based assignment within the previous two years. Students completed the interactive electronic assignment during class time. At the end of the session students were asked to complete an electronic survey which was designed to measure their preference for the paper or electronic delivery of the assignment and whether or not the delivery in the context of a continuing medical education program was engaging for them. Results: Evidence gathered through the surveys showed that the students preferred the interactive electronic version of the assignment and that most of the students valued the introduction to the continuing medical education environment. Conclusion: Based on this research, this program will be integrated further into the information literacy instruction of undergraduate medical students.

  • Electronic books - selection criteria

    • "Criteria for Selecting Electronic Books in an Academic Library: Will we ever need to buy paper again?"

      Based on the assumption that all books will soon be available in both electronic and paper formats, selections librarians will soon be faced with a format decision for each title they purchase. The work of Summerfield, Mandel and Kantor at Columbia University has given us some early information about the ways in which academics use electronic materials. They identified length of use ("read little" vs "read much") as being a defining factor in a scholar's preference for electronic or paper format1. With this factor in mind, qualitative research was undertaken at the University of Alberta to determine whether or not there are general or specific criteria which would help selectors determine which books would be "read little" or "read much" by faculty. Faculty members in a variety of subject areas were introduced to netLibrary or ENGnetBASE publications. They were then asked a series of questions about their potential use of the materials. The explanations for their choices were noted and revealed patterns of factors affecting their choices. These patterns form some preliminary criteria for selectors who need to choose between e-books and paper books.

  • Environmental health

    • Using Pollutant Release and Transfer Register Data for Environmental Health Research

      Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTRs) are national databases of chemical releases reported by industry to governments. The importance of pollutants to health is well documented, however the use of PRTR data to study relationships between health outcomes and pollution has not been evaluated. A preliminary literature search found few published studies that used data from the Canadian PRTR. Understanding past uses of PRTR data is important in the evaluation of their applicability to future health studies.

  • Evidence-Based Medicine

    • Evidence-Based Mini-Manual

      Based in part on the Evidence-Based Medicine Toolkit, ”… a collection of tools for identifying, assessing and applying relevant evidence for better health care decision-making. The appraisal tools are adapted from the Users' Guides series prepared by the Evidence Based Medicine Working Group and originally published in JAMA"


  • Indexing - Aboriginal Peoples - Canada

    • Finding Canadian polar Indigenous studies in Medline

      The polar library community has made much progress over the past thirty years in the development of bibliographic search tools that allow fast and easy access to publications about the Arctic and Antarctic. Many of us rely heavily on tools such as Arctic and Antarctic Regions to satisfy our need for information organized with a geographic focus. For Circumpolar health researchers, there is now the growing Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Database, a subset of the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS), which is improving access to polar health materials. However, when conducting systematic review searches, searchers are required to be as comprehensive as possible, which means that all relevant subject databases must be searched, even if overlap is substantial. As a result, Medline must be searched as part of any systematic review search related to Indigenous health issues in Canada’s Arctic regions. While the MESH Subject Headings and Geographic Headings do supply some controlled vocabulary access, keywords must also be searched to make the search comprehensive. This goal of this project is to create a Medline search filter which will assure comprehensive retrieval of Canadian Indigenous materials

  • Information literacy

    • Defining Information Literacy in the 21st Century

      Considerable effort has been invested by practitioners in many parts of the world in defining information literacy. Much of this work has taken place in the academic environment. What is the relationship between information literacy as we define it in higher education and information literacy among non-academic populations? What forces will change how we think about the definition of information literacy in the future and how we will apply the definition in all environments? What is the future role of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions in defining information literacy?

    • Determining the information literacy needs of a medical and dental faculty

      Introduction: The Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Alberta is large and diverse. Liaison librarians at the Health Sciences Library decided in late 2009 to undertake a system-wide evaluation of the information literacy (IL) instruction being delivered to the Faculty. The goals of the evaluation were to identify current strengths and gaps in instruction, to realign teaching priorities, and to inform the development of effective asynchronous Web-based delivery mechanisms, such as interactive tutorials, to support the Faculty’s move to electronic course delivery. Methods: The main data collection method was a survey of different user groups in the Faculty, including undergraduate and graduate students, residents, and faculty. Secondary data included a literature review, consultation with key collaborators and analyzing program documents. Results: All undergraduate medical students receive IL instruction. Fewer than a third of graduate students, only half of residents, and a small fraction of faculty, receive instruction. The current curriculum needs to be revised to be less repetitive. Most respondents wanted to receive training on advanced database searching, and preferred in-person instruction sessions. Web-based tutorials were the next most popular mode of delivery. Discussion: This study is one of the few medical information literacy surveys that used a broad, strategic approach to surveying all user groups at a medical school. These data provide a baseline overview of existing instruction across user groups, determine potential need for IL instruction, provide direction for what should be taught, and identify preferred methods for delivery of a comprehensive training program centered on Faculty needs.

  • Jasper National Park (Alta.)

    • Culture, Ecology and Restoration in Jasper National Park

      The Culture, Ecology and Restoration project in Jasper National Park ran for three years with a large multidisciplinary research team. The aim of the Project was to advance a restorative model of park management. It was cast as a piolot project, one in which new ideas and approaches could be tested.

  • Librarians - Graduate Education

    • Teaching Health Sciences Librarianship with a very large team:

      Eleven practicing academic health librarians at the University of Alberta taught LIS 520: Introduction to Health Sciences Librarianship as a large team. This study evaluated the students’ responses to being taught by a large team and the librarians’ responses to teaching in a large team. Overall, both groups were positive about the experience. The librarians documented best practices for teaching with a large team.

  • Library Association of Alberta (LAA)

  • Medical Education

  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis

    • Treatment of Gastric Cancer With Peritoneal Carcinomatosis by Cytoreductive Surgery and HIPEC: A Systematic Review of Survival, Mortality, and Morbidity

      Gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis has an extremely poor prognosis, which may be improved with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). We systematically reviewed the literature regarding the efficacy of CRS þ HIPEC in these patients. Electronic databases were searched from 2000 to 2010. Following CRS þ HIPEC, overall median survival was 7.9 months and improved to 15 months for patients with completeness of cytoreduction scores of 0/1, however with a 30-day mortality rate of 4.8%. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Gill RS, Al-Adra DP, Nagendran J, Campbell S, Shi X, Haase E, Schiller D. Treatment of gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis by cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC: A systematic review of survival, mortality, and morbidity.J Surg Oncol. 2011 Jun 28. doi: 10.1002/jso.22017. , which has been published in final form at 10.1002/jso.22017.

  • Photographs

    • Badhusparken - Sweden - Photograph

      Sign for Badhusparken or Bath House Park, a beach park in central Sweden. A trail loops through the wooded area behind the beach. Along the trail there are numerous folk-art installations created by local residents. Most are visual jokes or have puns embedded in their titles.

    • Bicycle path - Northern Finland - Photograph

      A paved bicycle path tracks alongside the highway over the nearly 100 km stretch between Rovaniemi and Tornio at the top of the Gulf of Bothnia. Wooden bus shelters were dotted along the highway, each painted the standard red seen on many Swedish and Finnish farm buildings. Both the bus shelters and the bicycle path are evidence of the strong support in Sweden and Finland for alternate modes of transportation.

    • Bilberry plant - Finland - photograph

      European bilberries, which are of the same genus as North American blueberries grow abundantly across Scandinavia. The "green" or unripe berries are pink. Bilberries are used extensively in cookery.

    • Detail of the Reinforced Hull of the Fram

      The Fram was built with a greenheart-reinforced hull. Greenheart is a dense wood. The ship was built to withstand the crush of pack ice. The Fram survived three polar exploration voyages (two Arctic, one Antarctic).

    • Equisetum - Rovaniemi, Finland - Photograph

      This horsetail plant was growing in the back yard of an inn in Rovaniemi. It was 47cm from ground to tip. Equisetum or horsetail is a spore producing vascular plant. Members of this genus are abundant around the world and the family is widely represented in the fossil record.

    • Harbour - Helsinki, Finland - Photograph

      For the first time in twelve years, the harbour at Helsinki had frozen over. There were small boats constantly breaking up the ice to keep the ferry channels open. There is a cruise ship docked on the far side of the harbour.

    • Imperial Lodge at Aavasaksa, Finland - Photograph

      The legend at this site reads: "1. The Imperial Lodge - Alexander II, Tsar of Russia and Grand Duke of Finland, was to visit Ostrobothnia and Lapland in 1882. Aavasaksa was chosen as the most northerly stop on his route. An Imperial Lodge was built on the top of the fell. The political situation at the time was, however, uncertain, and the journey was cancelled. In its architecture and paintings the lodge is in a romantic mixture of styles, with features of Neoclassical, Karelian, Byzantine and Viking styles. The columns and arches are ornamental, the wall panels with their Karelian motifs are all different, and the other ornamentation varies likewise. There are dragon motifs bearing the viewer to a Viking world. The engraved window boards chiefly point to the world of Karelian mythology. The lodge was restored in 1979 - 1982 by the Lapland district office of the National Board of Building, the National Board of Antiquities and Historical Monuments acting as expert."

    • Insulated Snow

      Grass and leaf debris insulate a mound of snow from the sun. Where the snow is exposed on the side of the mound melting undermines the insulated areas.

    • Ljushuvud or "Bright Person" - Sweden - Photograph

      This rustic sculpture by Peter Jonsson is found in Badhusparken in central Sweden. The sculpture is a large head roughly carved from wood, placed on a low tree stump. On top of the head is a rusted gas lantern. The title Ljushuvud which translates "Bright Person" is a pun.

    • Lumber storage - Kalix, Sweden - Photograph

      The Setra lumber mill is located on the west side of the Kalix River, in the town of Kalix at the top of the Gulf of Bothnia. A map of the mill site is shown in the photograph. This mill is one of the largest employers in Kalix

    • Midnight Sun - Street scene - Arctic Circle - Finland

      The "midnight sun", or the period when the sun does not set, begins in early June at the Arctic Circle. This photograph was taken at 0:14hrs in Rovaniemi. The patios were full of people enjoying the extended light and there were many cyclists on the streets.

    • Polar bear skin rug - Photograph

      This polar bear was taken many years ago in the Yukon. The skin is mounted on two layers of red heavy cotton fabric. The skin was acquired by a private collector, located in western Alberta, in about 2000.

    • Prince Bertil Memorial Day Car Rally - Photograph

      Since 1922, a spring vintage car rally has been held on Djurgarden in Stockholm. Members of the Swedish Royal Family, particlularly Prince Bertil routinely took part in the rally. It has now been named Prince Bertil Memorial Day in his honour. It was a rainy day for the 2011 rally, but many participants, dressed in period clothing to match their vehicles took part in the parade.

    • Puddle ice

      Water drains from beneath a surface layer of ice, giving the surface a lighter appearance.

    • Sculpture of Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778)

      This sculpture of Linnaeus stands in the garden in front of Swedenborg's summer house, which has been relocated to Skansen open air museum in Stockholm. The plaque which stands beside the sculpture.reads "The sculpture is a copy of a wood-carving made by Arne Bergh for the Swedish pavilion at the 1992 World Exposition in Seville, Spain. This bronze copy was financed by a grant from Banco Kultur. It was erected in honour of Linnaeus in conjunction with the 300th anniversary of his birth in 2007. The original portrait was purchased and donated to Skansen by Christer Frunck on behalf of descendents of Harald Lettstrom in 1993."

    • Tamarack bark

      Tamarack is a deciduous conifer. The sap and bark have been used by Indigenous people for healing purposes

    • Urban Ins'bear'ation - photograph

      Bears on Broadway was an exhibit of individually painted concrete polar bear statues presented by the Winnipeg Foundation in 2005. Many of the bears continue to be exhibited in sponsors' spaces. However, eighteen of the bears are located on the south lawn of the Manitoba Legislature. Each bear is individually named.

    • White spruce cones - Photograph

      White spruce (Picea glauca) grows throughout the Canadian boreal forest and in Alaska. It is the northernmost tree species in North America. Cones and other parts of the tree have been used in traditional medicines.

    • Willow sculpture at the Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences - photograph

      This willow over wire globe sculpture was located outside the entrance to the Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences, Rantavitikka Campus. The six protrusions at the top of the sculpture echo the symbol of the University, which can be partially seen on the glass of the entry behind the sculpture. The sculpture is a student project, part of a course of studies in natural product industry.

    • Yarrow - photograph

      Yarrow is found all across Canada's north. Yarrow has been used in traditional medicine for many disorders, most notably to stop bleeding.

  • Photographs Columnar Oak Walk at Oslo Botanic Garden

  • Photographs - Fram (Ship)

  • Polar Libraries Colloquy

  • Pollution Release and Transfer Data


      Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTRs) collect and provide information on chemicals released to the environment or otherwise managed as waste. They support the public’s right–to-know and provide useful information in gauging performance of facilities, sectors and governments. The extent to which these data have been used in research, particularly in relation to human health, has not been documented. In this scoping review our objective was to learn from scholarly literature the extent and nature of the use of PRTR data in human health research. We performed literature searches (1994-2011) using various search engines/key words. Articles selected for review were chosen following predefined criteria, to extract and analyse data. One hundred and eighty four papers were identified. Forty investigated possible relations with health outcomes: Thirty-three of them identified positive associations. The rest explored other uses of PRTR data. Papers identified challenges, some imputable to the PRTR. We conclude that PRTR data are useful for research, including health-related studies and have significant potential for prioritizing research needs that can influence policy, management and ultimately human health. In spite of their inherent limitations, PRTRs represent a perfectible, unique useful source, whose application to human health research appears to be underutilized. Developing strategies to overcome these limitations could improve data quality and increase its utility in future environmental health research and policy applications.

  • Poster - 1967 Summer School of Frontier Medicine: Impact on Medical Students and Indigenous Communities

    • 1967 Summer School of Frontier Medicine: Impact on Medical Students and Indigenous Communities

      The poorer health status of First Nations, Inuit, Métis (FN/I/M) people in Canada is unacceptable and requires urgent attention. One potential means of improving FN/I/M health is to focus on improving training of medical students to enhance cultural safety. Experiential, community based curriculum is recommended to strengthen relationship building with FN/I/M people and promote culturally safe practice. There is a paucity of literature on previous experiential Canadian FN/I/M medical education initiatives to guide the process of undergraduate medical curriculum development, initiation and evaluation. In 1967 seventy medical students and twenty faculty members from Canadian medical schools took part in a Summer School of Frontier Medicine, held in the Northwest Territories. The program consisted of ten days spent in Inuvik attending lectures, films and discussions regarding local medical and social issues; a week of field work in small groups in small First Nations and Inuit communities throughout the Territories and three days in Edmonton, Alberta for debriefing and evaluation. Using surveys, semi-structured interviews and a narrative methodology we hope to gain an understanding of how the School of Frontier Medicine shaped the participants practice of medicine in relation to FN/I/M people, as well as how the experience of participating in the summer school affected the community members. The historical nature of our project provides a unique opportunity to assess the impact of community based FN/I/M medical education on students, faculty and community members to better inform present day efforts to reform curriculum and improve FN/I/M health care.

  • Poster - audience response systems

  • Poster - Children's literature - Reviews - Polar regions

    • The Deakin Review of Children's Literature: a New Source for Reviews of Canadian Children's Literature

      The Deakin Review is anelectronic quarterly review of contemporary English-language materials of interest to children and young adults. The Review focuses primarily, but not exclusively, on Canadian English language children’s books. Books reviewed may be electronic or print and range from picture books and non-fiction through to young adult fiction. Each issue contains 25 reviews and includes an editorial and news relevant to children’s literacy. Books are selected by the reviewers, so the scope of the content is as varied as the reviewers interests. All books selected for review are added to the University of Alberta’s Bruce Peel Special Collection as a non-circulating research collection.

  • Poster - CHLA Conference 2010

    • From Triage to the Big Picture: Developing a Comprehensive Information Literacy Program for a Medical Faculty

      The Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Alberta is large and diverse. Liaison librarians at the health sciences library are evaluating the information literacy (IL) instruction being delivered to the Faculty, in order to identify current strengths and gaps in instruction, realign teaching priorities, and develop effective asynchronous delivery mechanisms. The end-goal of this evaluation will be the development of a comprehensive IL program that meets the needs of all constituents within the Faculty. This program will be implemented and evaluated in stages over the next three years.

  • Poster - medical education

  • Poster - Medical Librarianship

  • Poster - Traditional and Indignenous Healing Collection - John W. Scott Health Sciences Library - University of Alberta - Poster

  • Posters

  • Providone-Iodine

    • Providone-Iodine Irrigation of Subcutaneous Tissues May Decrease Surgical Site Infections in Elective Colorectal Operations: A Systematic Review

      Background: Postoperative wound infection is the most common complication following abdominal surgery and leads to delayed wound healing, prolonged hospital length of stay (LOS), and causes morbidity. Povidone-Iodine (PVI) is a broad-spectrum anti-septic and disinfectant solution, and can be used intra-operatively to irrigate subcutaneous tissues prior to abdominal skin closure. We systematically reviewed the literature regarding the efficacy of intraoperative PVI irrigation of subcutaneous tissues following elective colorectal surgery. Methods: A comprehensive search of electronic databases and various grey literature sources was completed. Unpublished and non-English-language results were included. All clinical controlled trials involving PVI solution in adult colorectal surgery were included. Two independent reviewers assessed the studies for relevance, inclusion, methodological quality and extracted data from the full versions of the manuscripts. Disagreements were resolved by re-extraction or third party adjudication. Data for dichotomous outcomes are reported as relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). For continuous data, mean differences (MD) are reported with 95% CIs. Results: Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving 205 patients comparing PVI solution or spray to a control group following abdominal fascial closure in elective colorectal or clean-contaminated operations were identified. Pooled results demonstrated a reduction in surgical site infection for patients treated with PVI (RR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.22 to 3.17) compared to controls. Conclusions: Irrigation of subcutaneous tissues with PVI following abdominal fascial closure is associated with a reduced incidence of surgical site infection. Due to the small number of included trials and patients, additional robust randomized trials are needed.

  • Really Simple Syndication

  • Reichardt, Randy

  • RSS

  • Search Filters

  • Search Filters - Canadian Indignenous Peoples - Newfoundland and Labrador - Canada

  • Search Filters - Canadian Indignenous Peoples - Northwest Territories - Canada

  • Search Filters - Canadian Indignenous Peoples - Saskatchewan - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indigenous Peoples - Alberta - Canada

  • Search filters - Indigenous Peoples - British Columbia - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indigenous Peoples - Manitoba - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples - New Brunswick - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples - Nova Scotia - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples - Nunavut - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples -Ontario - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples -Quebec - Canada

  • Traditional and Indigenous Healing

  • University of the Arctic

    • University of the Arctic Digital Library: Update 2012

      The University of the Arctic Digital Library project is an ongoing project in which PLC takes an interest. Some Digital Library functions are now operational at a level, integrated into the Arctic Virtual Learning Tools environment. This session will report on the 2011 meeting in Tornio/Kemi and Rovaniemi, Finland and review the developments to date and the future expectations for the library. A proposal has been developed for the June 2012 Council Meeting to establish a lead institution that would be responsible for the Digital Library. Developments in the University of the Arctic, itself, will also be discussed.