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Sandy Campbell

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Public Services Librarian and Liaison to Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry and Liaison to the School of Public Health

Sandy Campbell

John W. Scott Health Sciences Library

John W. Scott Health Sciences Library
2K4.01 Walter C. Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre
University of Alberta
Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2R7

  • Systematic Review Searching
  • Patent Searching
  • Health Research Data
  • Information Literacy Instruction
  • University of the Arctic Library
  • Arctic Health Information
  • Mountain Parks Repeat Photography

  • LIS 520 - Co-instructor (Fall 2011, Winter, 2015)

  • Assoc. Fellow-Aust. Lib. Info Assoc.
  • Best First Time Poster - EAHIL 2012

Subject areas and related deposits

  • Articles

    • Building an Undergraduate Book Approval Plan for a Large Academic Library

      The University of Alberta Libraries (UAL), working with two book vendors, created large-scale undergraduate book approval plans to deliver new publications. Detailed selections profiles were created for many subject areas, designed to deliver books that would have been obvious choices by subject selectors. More than 5800 monographs were received through the book approval plans during the pilot period. These volumes proved to be highly relevant to users, showing twice as much circulation as other monographs acquired during the same time period. Goals achieved through this project include: release of selectors’ time from routine work, systematic acquisition of a broadly based highdemand undergraduate collection and faster delivery of undergraduate materials. This successful program will be expanded and incorporated into UAL’s normal acquisitions processes for undergraduate materials.

    • "Criteria for Selecting Electronic Books in an Academic Library: Will we ever need to buy paper again?"

      Based on the assumption that all books will soon be available in both electronic and paper formats, selections librarians will soon be faced with a format decision for each title they purchase. The work of Summerfield, Mandel and Kantor at Columbia University has given us some early information about the ways in which academics use electronic materials. They identified length of use ("read little" vs "read much") as being a defining factor in a scholar's preference for electronic or paper format1. With this factor in mind, qualitative research was undertaken at the University of Alberta to determine whether or not there are general or specific criteria which would help selectors determine which books would be "read little" or "read much" by faculty. Faculty members in a variety of subject areas were introduced to netLibrary or ENGnetBASE publications. They were then asked a series of questions about their potential use of the materials. The explanations for their choices were noted and revealed patterns of factors affecting their choices. These patterns form some preliminary criteria for selectors who need to choose between e-books and paper books.

    • Defining Information Literacy in the 21st Century

      Considerable effort has been invested by practitioners in many parts of the world in defining information literacy. Much of this work has taken place in the academic environment. What is the relationship between information literacy as we define it in higher education and information literacy among non-academic populations? What forces will change how we think about the definition of information literacy in the future and how we will apply the definition in all environments? What is the future role of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions in defining information literacy?

    • Determining the information literacy needs of a medical and dental faculty

      Introduction: The Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Alberta is large and diverse. Liaison librarians at the Health Sciences Library decided in late 2009 to undertake a system-wide evaluation of the information literacy (IL) instruction being delivered to the Faculty. The goals of the evaluation were to identify current strengths and gaps in instruction, to realign teaching priorities, and to inform the development of effective asynchronous Web-based delivery mechanisms, such as interactive tutorials, to support the Faculty’s move to electronic course delivery. Methods: The main data collection method was a survey of different user groups in the Faculty, including undergraduate and graduate students, residents, and faculty. Secondary data included a literature review, consultation with key collaborators and analyzing program documents. Results: All undergraduate medical students receive IL instruction. Fewer than a third of graduate students, only half of residents, and a small fraction of faculty, receive instruction. The current curriculum needs to be revised to be less repetitive. Most respondents wanted to receive training on advanced database searching, and preferred in-person instruction sessions. Web-based tutorials were the next most popular mode of delivery. Discussion: This study is one of the few medical information literacy surveys that used a broad, strategic approach to surveying all user groups at a medical school. These data provide a baseline overview of existing instruction across user groups, determine potential need for IL instruction, provide direction for what should be taught, and identify preferred methods for delivery of a comprehensive training program centered on Faculty needs.

    • Finding Canadian polar Indigenous studies in Medline

      The polar library community has made much progress over the past thirty years in the development of bibliographic search tools that allow fast and easy access to publications about the Arctic and Antarctic. Many of us rely heavily on tools such as Arctic and Antarctic Regions to satisfy our need for information organized with a geographic focus. For Circumpolar health researchers, there is now the growing Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Database, a subset of the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS), which is improving access to polar health materials. However, when conducting systematic review searches, searchers are required to be as comprehensive as possible, which means that all relevant subject databases must be searched, even if overlap is substantial. As a result, Medline must be searched as part of any systematic review search related to Indigenous health issues in Canada’s Arctic regions. While the MESH Subject Headings and Geographic Headings do supply some controlled vocabulary access, keywords must also be searched to make the search comprehensive. This goal of this project is to create a Medline search filter which will assure comprehensive retrieval of Canadian Indigenous materials

    • Keeping students engaged by simulating continuing medical education

      The objective was to convert a paper-based seeking and evaluating evidence assignment to an interactive electronic format. In addition, the aim was to increase medical student engagement with the assignment by simulating a continuing medical education environment that many students will encounter in their future medical careers. The College of Family Physicians of Canada’s ePearls™ continuing medical education environment was adapted for use as a student assignment and embedded in the medical school’s learning management system. The assignment was delivered during the transitional course that bridges students’ pre-clinical and clinical experiences. All of the students had completed a similar paper based assignment within the previous two years. Students completed the interactive electronic assignment during class time. At the end of the session, students were asked to complete an electronic survey which was designed to measure their preference for the paper or electronic delivery of the assignment and whether or not the delivery in the context of a continuing medical education environment was engaging for them. 42 of the 155 students who completed the assignment also completed part or all of the online survey. Most respondents perceived the introduction to the continuing medical education environment as being helpful (86%, n=40) and expressed a preference for doing the assignment in the online format (86%, n=42). Comments indicated that students valued its clinical relevance and the opportunity to immediately practice what they had learned while still having guidance at hand. Based on these results, the Library and CHE will collaborate together to deliver subsequent information literacy instruction in this format.

    • Screening for post-traumatic stress disorder after injury in the pediatric emergency department - a systematic review protocol

      Abstract Background: Pediatric injury is highly prevalent and has significant impact both physically and emotionally. The majority of pediatric injuries are treated in emergency departments (EDs), where treatment of physical injuries is the main focus. In addition to physical trauma, children often experience significant psychological trauma, and the development of acute stress disorder (ASD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common. The consequences of failing to recognize and treat children with ASD and PTSD are significant and extend into adulthood. Currently, screening guidelines to identify children at risk for developing these stress disorders are not evident in the pediatric emergency setting. The goal of this systematic review is to summarize evidence on the psychometric properties, diagnostic accuracy, and clinical utility of screening tools that identify or predict PTSD secondary to physical injury in children. Specific research objectives are to: (1) identify, describe, and critically evaluate instruments available to screen for PTSD in children; (2) review and synthesize the test-performance characteristics of these tools; and (3) describe the clinical utility of these tools with focus on ED suitability. Methods: Computerized databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, ISI Web of Science and PsycINFO will be searched in addition to conference proceedings, textbooks, and contact with experts. Search terms will include MeSH headings (post-traumatic stress or acute stress), (pediatric or children) and diagnosis. All articles will be screened by title/abstract and articles identified as potentially relevant will be retrieved in full text and assessed by two independent reviewers. Quality assessment will be determined using the QUADAS-2 tool. Screening tool characteristics, including type of instrument, number of items, administration time and training administrators level, will be extracted as well as gold standard diagnostic reference properties and any quantitative diagnostic data (specificity, positive and negative likelihood/odds ratios) where appropriate. Discussion: Identifying screening tools to recognize children at risk of developing stress disorders following trauma is essential in guiding early treatment and minimizing long-term sequelae of childhood stress disorders. This review aims to identify such screening tools in efforts to improve routine stress disorder screening in the pediatric ED setting.

    • Teaching Health Sciences Librarianship with a very large team:

      Eleven practicing academic health librarians at the University of Alberta taught LIS 520: Introduction to Health Sciences Librarianship as a large team. This study evaluated the students’ responses to being taught by a large team and the librarians’ responses to teaching in a large team. Overall, both groups were positive about the experience. The librarians documented best practices for teaching with a large team.

    • Treatment of Gastric Cancer With Peritoneal Carcinomatosis by Cytoreductive Surgery and HIPEC: A Systematic Review of Survival, Mortality, and Morbidity

      Gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis has an extremely poor prognosis, which may be improved with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). We systematically reviewed the literature regarding the efficacy of CRS þ HIPEC in these patients. Electronic databases were searched from 2000 to 2010. Following CRS þ HIPEC, overall median survival was 7.9 months and improved to 15 months for patients with completeness of cytoreduction scores of 0/1, however with a 30-day mortality rate of 4.8%. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Gill RS, Al-Adra DP, Nagendran J, Campbell S, Shi X, Haase E, Schiller D. Treatment of gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis by cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC: A systematic review of survival, mortality, and morbidity.J Surg Oncol. 2011 Jun 28. doi: 10.1002/jso.22017. , which has been published in final form at 10.1002/jso.22017.

    • University of the Arctic Digital Library: Update 2012

      The University of the Arctic Digital Library project is an ongoing project in which PLC takes an interest. Some Digital Library functions are now operational at a level, integrated into the Arctic Virtual Learning Tools environment. This session will report on the 2011 meeting in Tornio/Kemi and Rovaniemi, Finland and review the developments to date and the future expectations for the library. A proposal has been developed for the June 2012 Council Meeting to establish a lead institution that would be responsible for the Digital Library. Developments in the University of the Arctic, itself, will also be discussed.


      Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTRs) collect and provide information on chemicals released to the environment or otherwise managed as waste. They support the public’s right–to-know and provide useful information in gauging performance of facilities, sectors and governments. The extent to which these data have been used in research, particularly in relation to human health, has not been documented. In this scoping review our objective was to learn from scholarly literature the extent and nature of the use of PRTR data in human health research. We performed literature searches (1994-2011) using various search engines/key words. Articles selected for review were chosen following predefined criteria, to extract and analyse data. One hundred and eighty four papers were identified. Forty investigated possible relations with health outcomes: Thirty-three of them identified positive associations. The rest explored other uses of PRTR data. Papers identified challenges, some imputable to the PRTR. We conclude that PRTR data are useful for research, including health-related studies and have significant potential for prioritizing research needs that can influence policy, management and ultimately human health. In spite of their inherent limitations, PRTRs represent a perfectible, unique useful source, whose application to human health research appears to be underutilized. Developing strategies to overcome these limitations could improve data quality and increase its utility in future environmental health research and policy applications.

  • Black Gold Zone Team Roster and Events

  • Canadian Circumpolar Institute

  • Children's Health Fiction

    • Selective Collection of Children’s Health Fiction 2011 - 2014

      This collection was selected for inclusion in a children's health collection, such as a hospital library or public library and designed for use by children from Pre-Kindergarten to Grade 6. Materials were selected based on date of publication and their potential to be helpful to children who are coping with health issues, themselves, or in loved ones. "Health" has been interpreted broadly to include physical, psychological and psychosocial issues.

    • A Selective Collection of Children’s Health Fiction 2011 - 2014 Revised October 2014

      This collection was selected for inclusion in a children's health collection, such as a hospital library or public library and designed for use by children from Pre-Kindergarten to Grade 6. Materials were selected based on date of publication and their potential to be helpful to children who are coping with health issues, themselves, or in loved ones. "Health" has been interpreted broadly to include physical, psychological and psychosocial issues.

  • Children's Health Fiction - Selection

    • Selecting Fiction Books for a Children's Health Collection

      Books have long been recognized resources for health literacy and healing (Fosson & Husband, 1984). Individuals with health conditions or disabilities or who are dealing with illness, disability or death among friends or loved ones, can find solace and affirmation in fictional works that depict characters coping with similar health conditions. This study asked the question “If we were to select a new collection of children’s health-related fiction in mid-2014, which books would we select and what selection criteria would we apply?” The results of this study are a set of criteria for the selection of current English language literary works with health-related content for the pre-kindergarten to Grade 6 (age 12) audience, a collection of books that are readily available to Canadian libraries - selected against these criteria, a special issue of the Deakin Review of Children’s Literature - dedicated to juvenile health fiction, and book exhibits in two libraries to accompany the Deakin Review issue.

  • Continuing Education - Librarians - Canada

  • Continuing Education Certification - Librarians - Canada

  • Database Searching Aids

    • Searching Syntax Guide for Common Database Platforms

      This a syntax and functional equivalency or translation chart for eight different platforms on which bibliographic databases are supplied by the University of Alberta Libraries. Functions included are: Boolean operators, natural language searching, relevancy ranking, subject headings, combining search sets, truncation, wildcards, exact phrase searching, adjacency searching, and field tag searching.

  • Evidence-Based Medicine

    • Evidence-Based Mini-Manual

      Based in part on the Evidence-Based Medicine Toolkit, ”… a collection of tools for identifying, assessing and applying relevant evidence for better health care decision-making. The appraisal tools are adapted from the Users' Guides series prepared by the Evidence Based Medicine Working Group and originally published in JAMA"

  • Ground juniper - photographs

    • Ground juniper with berries falling

      This ground juniper was beside the board walk that leads up the side of The Rock, to the Pilots' Monument. Many parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. The berries are eaten as food.

  • Health Fiction - Juvenile

  • Human habitation - Jasper National Park

    • Using archival photographs in a multimedia representation of the human history of the Upper Athabasca Valley 

      The Upper Athabasca valley was the site of Metis habitation during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These people left the area at the time that Jasper National Park was formed, however, their activities have left an enduring imprint on the landscape. Our research involves identifying and scanning archival materials, particularly photographs, related to the homesteads. The multimedia project provides an important representation of this historic human presence with the river valley environment.


  • Jasper National Park (Alta.)

    • Culture, Ecology and Restoration in Jasper National Park

      The Culture, Ecology and Restoration project in Jasper National Park ran for three years with a large multidisciplinary research team. The aim of the Project was to advance a restorative model of park management. It was cast as a piolot project, one in which new ideas and approaches could be tested.

  • Library Association of Alberta (LAA)

  • Medical Education Curriculum - Literature Reviews

  • Patient Safety - Curriculum Development

  • Photographs

    • Auster Antarctic aircraft

      This Auster T7 was modified for the 1956 Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition led by Dr. Vivian Fuchs. In addition to being painted bright orange to make it more visible in the snow and ice, it was modified so that it could be fitted with skis or floats, had larger tail surfaces and additional radio equipment. This is in the RAF Cosford Museum in England.

    • Badhusparken - Sweden - Photograph

      Sign for Badhusparken or Bath House Park, a beach park in central Sweden. A trail loops through the wooded area behind the beach. Along the trail there are numerous folk-art installations created by local residents. Most are visual jokes or have puns embedded in their titles.

    • Beaver at Frame Lake - Yellowknife, NWT

      We watched this beaver swim all the way to the north side of the lake to a stand of rushes.We were able to come close enough to see that it was eating on a poplar branch rather than the rushes. We could clearly see the beaver using its paws to hold the branch and also to push leaves and bark into its mouth.

    • Bicycle path - Northern Finland - Photograph

      A paved bicycle path tracks alongside the highway over the nearly 100 km stretch between Rovaniemi and Tornio at the top of the Gulf of Bothnia. Wooden bus shelters were dotted along the highway, each painted the standard red seen on many Swedish and Finnish farm buildings. Both the bus shelters and the bicycle path are evidence of the strong support in Sweden and Finland for alternate modes of transportation.

    • Bilberry plant - Finland - photograph

      European bilberries, which are of the same genus as North American blueberries grow abundantly across Scandinavia. The "green" or unripe berries are pink. Bilberries are used extensively in cookery.

    • British Antarctic Survey Sledge Dog Monument

      This sculpture to sled dogs stands at the entrance to the British Antarctic Survey facility at High Cross, Madingly Road, Cambridge, UK. The inscription on the plaque reads: "The British Antarctic Survey Sledge Dog Monument. Admirals, Amazons, Beatles, Churchmen, Citizens, Counties, Darkie & Co, Debs, Gaels, Gangsters, Giants, Girls, Hairybreeks, Hobbits, Huns, Komats, Ladies, Mobsters, Moomins, Number Ones, Orange Bastards, Picts, Players, Spartans, Terrors, Trogs, Vikings, Wags. 1,204 dogs worked in these teams from 1945 to 1993. Erected by their companions and Friends 2009."

    • Bunchberries

      Bunchberries are an edible berry found throughout the boreal forest and into the Canadian North

    • Bus shelter in Niven Lake subdivision of Yellowknife, NWT

      Yellowknife has three public transit routes through the city. Bus shelters in the Niven Lake neighborhood are new and integrated into the landscape. Building on Yellowknife's shield rock terrain requires that the rock either be blasted away or incorporated into the building plan. In this image, the rock has been left between the bus shelter and the housing unit behind it.

    • Canadian North airplane under tow and the Yellowknife Airport

      This Boeing 737-200 Combi is flown by Canadian North Airlines, owned by Nor Terra Inc., which is, in turn owned by the 100% aboriginal Inuvialuit Development Corporation. Canadian North flies to Northwest Territories and Nunavut destinations from Edmonton and Ottawa. The Boeing 737- 200 Combi is able to land on both gravel and ice air strips. Canadian North currently has nineteen aircraft in its fleet. Ten are Boeing 737 - 200 Combis. The Canadian North aircraft tail art shows a polar bear with neck stretched up against a yellow disc on a blue background.

    • Caribou Hotel and Matthew Watson General Store, Carcross, Yukon Territory

      The Caribou Hotel is the second hotel on the site, the first having burned in 1909. The new hotel, constructed in 1910 was added to Canada's register of Historic Places 2008/01/25. Matthew Watson General Store claims to be the oldest operating store in the Yukon. Visible in the foreground is a small steam locomotive engine, "The Duchess", which was used between 1899 and 1919 on the two mile Taku Tramway from Taglish Lake to Atlin Lake.

    • Community Garden Project, Mildred Hall School Yellowknife

      This garden project at Mildred Hall School in Yellowknife is a collaboration between students and elders. Raised beds are a common garden format in Yellowknife because of the rocky nature of the landscape and the general lack of good topsoil. These beds contain common garden plants such as potatoes, beets, lettuce and peas. Throughout the North there is a new emphasis on food sustainability. Helping students learn to grow food is a part of that movement.

    • Cranberries

      Cranberries are a traditional food among Indigenous people in Northern Canada. There are two species of cranberry. This one has an opaque skin and a mealy or pulpy fruit. The other one has a juicy berry with a translucent skin and is also known as lingonberry.

    • Dash 7 Combi operated by Air Tindi at Yellowknife, NWT

      This Air Tindi Dash 7 flew over the Legislature Building and the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre on its approach to the Yellowknife airport. Landing gear is down for approach. The Dash 7 Combi has four Pratt and Whitney turbines, seats 46 and is one of eight planes in Air Tindi's current fleet.

    • Detail of the Reinforced Hull of the Fram

      The Fram was built with a greenheart-reinforced hull. Greenheart is a dense wood. The ship was built to withstand the crush of pack ice. The Fram survived three polar exploration voyages (two Arctic, one Antarctic).

    • Entrance to Aurora College, Yellowknife/North Slave Campus

      Aurora College Yellowknife/North Slave Campus is located at 50 Ave. and 54 St. in Northern United Place. This is one of three campuses of this college, the others being in Inuvik and Fort Smith. Two of the heavily subscribed programs offered here are Nursing and Social Work. This campus currently has about 250 students.

    • Equisetum - Rovaniemi, Finland - Photograph

      This horsetail plant was growing in the back yard of an inn in Rovaniemi. It was 47cm from ground to tip. Equisetum or horsetail is a spore producing vascular plant. Members of this genus are abundant around the world and the family is widely represented in the fossil record.

    • Formal gardens at Drottningholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden

      Drottingholm Palace and gardens are located on Lovon Island. It is the private residence of the Swedish Royal Family. In the background of this image is the palace. In the foreground is the formal baroque garden, developed at the end of the 17th century. The rigidly trimmed pillars and low box hedges that outline geometric patterns, with walking paths, pools, sculptures and fountains reflect the French formal garden style of the time. To the left of the image is a recently replanted lime avenue. To the north of this garden area is an English-style landscape park.

    • Franklin Avenue, Yellowknife, looking southwest

      Franklin Ave (50th Ave) is one of the main avenues of Yellowknife. It runs southwest to northeast through the downtown, the Old Town and out to the Pilots' Monument. This image, taken from 46 St. looking southwest includes some of the taller buildings in Yellowknife's downtown.

    • Garbage removed from Frame Lake during the lake clean-up day

      Frame Lake in Yellowknife, NWT was, historically, a Dene fish camp. Since about 1930, the lake has been steadily polluted until, today, winter oxygen levels are too low to support a fish population. Frame Lake is a dead lake. A collaboration of interested groups including Northwest Territories Environment and Natural Resources and the City of Yellowknife are now working together to reclaim the lake. Saturday July 11, 2015 was a lake and shoreline clean up day. The garbage in this photograph was some of that removed from the lake that day.

    • Grand Trunk Bridge over the Fraser River at Prince George, British Columbia

      Prince George Heritage Commission interpretive board on the river bank reads "The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway began construction for this great bridge in August 1913. When completed in [not legible word], 1915, it was 810 meters long, just over a mile. The bridge was designed by G.T.P.R engineer J. G. Legtand and principal contractor was Foley, Welch & Stewart Company of Minnesota. Bates & Rogers Construction Company of Chicago built the concrete sub-structure and the Canadian Bridge Company of Walkerville, Ontario built the steel superstructure. The total cost of the bridge was #1,600,000. The concrete piers begin 11 meters below the reiverbed and support 5200 tonnes of steel girders. Huge concrete counterweights helped electric motors to lift a span 30 metres long for the passage of steamboats. it was last used in the early 1920's One of the roadways was opened in 1916 to replace the 20th Avenue ferry across the Fraser River."

    • Harbour - Helsinki, Finland - Photograph

      For the first time in twelve years, the harbour at Helsinki had frozen over. There were small boats constantly breaking up the ice to keep the ferry channels open. There is a cruise ship docked on the far side of the harbour.

    • Harpoon cannon on the grounds of the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England

      This harpoon cannon and accessories were collected at South Georgia during salvage work aboard RMAS Throsk. Between 1989 and 1991 Roy Martin and Lyle Craigie-Halkett, through their company Marine Salvage Services, organised a clean-up of the four major whaling stations on the South Atlantic island of South Georgia. The island had been the site of the beginning of the Falklands conflict and the Argentinian scrap merchants acquisitions remained. The operation was carried out in three phases. Firstly the two directors did a survey of the stations over Christmas 1989, from HMS Endurance. Then Lyle Craigie-Halkett, his son and two others returned in early 1990 to do the preparatory work. Finally using a UK government ship, RMAS Throsk, which they manned and operated, the main operation was carried out during the southern summer 1990/91. Text courtesy Heather Lane, Librarian and Keeper of Collections, Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England. SPRI ref (Y: 89/2).

    • Hudson's Bay blanket

      Hudson's Bay blankets were used as trade goods during the fur trade. This modern blanket has 31/2 points. Points (black lines on the blanket) indicated the thickness of the blanket. Used by the fur traders, each point denoted a value of 2 beaver pelts. This blanket would have traded for 7 beaver pelts. The green, yellow, red and black stripes on white are one type of HBC blanket. Others were red with black stripes.

    • Imperial Lodge at Aavasaksa, Finland - Photograph

      The legend at this site reads: "1. The Imperial Lodge - Alexander II, Tsar of Russia and Grand Duke of Finland, was to visit Ostrobothnia and Lapland in 1882. Aavasaksa was chosen as the most northerly stop on his route. An Imperial Lodge was built on the top of the fell. The political situation at the time was, however, uncertain, and the journey was cancelled. In its architecture and paintings the lodge is in a romantic mixture of styles, with features of Neoclassical, Karelian, Byzantine and Viking styles. The columns and arches are ornamental, the wall panels with their Karelian motifs are all different, and the other ornamentation varies likewise. There are dragon motifs bearing the viewer to a Viking world. The engraved window boards chiefly point to the world of Karelian mythology. The lodge was restored in 1979 - 1982 by the Lapland district office of the National Board of Building, the National Board of Antiquities and Historical Monuments acting as expert."

    • Insulated Snow

      Grass and leaf debris insulate a mound of snow from the sun. Where the snow is exposed on the side of the mound melting undermines the insulated areas.

    • Inukshuk on the grounds of the Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, England

      This inukshuk stands beside the Scott Polar Research Institute side entrance at Madingly Road, Cambridge, UK. It originated in Kinngait (Cape Dorset), Qikiqtaaluk (Baffin Island), Nunavut in 1964 and it was commissioned by Charles Gimpel, who donated it to the Museum. It comprises approximately 16 main pieces and several smaller irregular pieces of pink, black and white granite secured with concrete filler. SPRI ref Y: 2005/8. Information courtesy Health Lane, Librarian and Keeper of the Collections at Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge.

    • "KOVRIKI SOLNCE" created 2006 - 2007

      This traditional wall-hanging, which represents the sun was part of a display of works by Semenova Polina Ivanova at the Museum in Yakutsk, Russia. This was one of several wall hangings, all made of reindeer hide, on display

    • Labrador Tea

      This species of Labrador tea has fewer stamens and broader leaves. Labrador tea is used medicinally, by Indigenous people, both as a drink and as a bath preparation.

    • Lazuli bunting

      This lazuli bunting appeared at a bird feeder near 53.716534, -114.869136 on May 24, 2014. It stayed for one day and did not visit the feeder again. This species has not been seen at this site before. records only one sighting further north in Alberta at Beaver Crossing in the St. Paul area on June 5, 2014. Sightings were also recorded west of Fort St. John, BC in June, 2014 and at Chetwynd, BC in 2006. These birds may be just vagrants outside of their normal range, or they may represent a pattern of species expanding their ranges northward in response to global climate change and the warming of the North. This photo was taken at about 10:30 a.m. The bird was quite flighty and did not spend much time on the feeder, if other birds were present.

    • Ljushuvud or "Bright Person" - Sweden - Photograph

      This rustic sculpture by Peter Jonsson is found in Badhusparken in central Sweden. The sculpture is a large head roughly carved from wood, placed on a low tree stump. On top of the head is a rusted gas lantern. The title Ljushuvud which translates "Bright Person" is a pun.

    • Log cabins in Yellowknife's Old Town

      In Yellowknife's Old Town a number of historic cabins have been pulled together and preserved. These two are on skids, which allowed them to be pulled to different locations. The one on the left is made of sawn lumber, while the one on the right is a notched log building. The shingles visible on the building to the right are modern.

    • Loraine Minish-Cooper Garden of Hope

      The Garden of Hope is near the shore of Frame Lake. This rock stands near the entrance. A sign near the entrance reads: "GARDEN OF HOPE Loranie Frances Minish-Cooper (1951 - 2002)". "Loraine believed in the power of hope and it was her wish that this garden would be a place of hope, peace and comfort for all. Established in 2003, this garden was lovingly designed, constructed, planted and maintained by family and friends, with generous support from many local businesses, the City of Yellowknife and the Yellowknife Community Foundation."

    • Lumber storage - Kalix, Sweden - Photograph

      The Setra lumber mill is located on the west side of the Kalix River, in the town of Kalix at the top of the Gulf of Bothnia. A map of the mill site is shown in the photograph. This mill is one of the largest employers in Kalix

    • Midnight Sun - Street scene - Arctic Circle - Finland

      The "midnight sun", or the period when the sun does not set, begins in early June at the Arctic Circle. This photograph was taken at 0:14hrs in Rovaniemi. The patios were full of people enjoying the extended light and there were many cyclists on the streets.

    • Mildred Hall School, Yellowknife, NWT

      Mildred Hall School is on Franklin Ave, close to downtown Yellowknife. The school has basketball courts, which were in use until very late at night, because the midnight sun provides enough light to play.

    • Moose

      Very near the ferry dock in Haines, we came upon this moose, which was grazing on fireweed. The moose seemed undisturbed by our presence.

    • Northern Lighthouse Project

      This lighthouse sits on top of a commercial building on Franklin Avenue in Yellowknife. A sign at the Tourist Information Centre reads, "A Northern Lighthouse is a specially designed community space weather beacon that indicates when conditions are right for geomagnetic storms caused by the solar wind. When the beacon is glowing green or red, overnight conditions will be normal or stormy, which means there is an excellent chance of seeing active auroras above Yellowknife!"

    • NWT Diamond Centre

      Yellowknife is the closest centre to Canada's three largest diamond mines. The NWT Diamond Centre is both an interpretive centre and sales outlet for diamonds. In addition to display cases housing diamond jewelry for viewing and sale, photographs and a video educate visitors to the geology of diamonds and to the diamond mining industry in the NWT. The NWT Diamond Centre is located at 5105 - 49 Street in Yellowknife and has an interpreter present.

    • Original Yellowknife School House

      Plaque on the outer wall reads "Yellowknife's original school. Built in 1939. Mis Mildred Hall opened this school with a class of 32 students in September, 1939. The log school was moved from the Old Tow to this site in February 1987 by Yellowknife Education District No. 1 and the Yellowknife Heritage Committee." The log school house is located near Mildred Hall School.

    • Painting of a landscape with animals and seasons

      This work is one of many that are found on the exterior of buildings in Yellowknife. This work is painted on several pieces of plywood nailed together. The image includes a landscape with spring on the left and winter on the far right. The winter sky shows the aurora borealis. Animals include muskoxen, caribou, bears and wolves. At the top left, painting is beginning to lift along the grain of the plywood.

    • Peace River Flats Marker

      The plaque reads: Peace River Flats. The promise of gold drew families north in the 1930's and 40's. Many an Alberta farm boy built a barge to float "down north" on the Peace and Slave Rivers and sail across Great Slave Lake to Yellowknife. These settlers were attracted to this flat expanse of land on the shores of Back Bay, and named the area Peace River Flats after their homes back in Alberta. The construction boom of the late 80s is apparent as you walk the streets of Peace River Flats. Few of the original buildings remain, but the neighborhood retains a relaxed atmosphere typical of the Old Town. The Fritz Theil ball park now covers what was once a large and muddy pond, backing on the flats.

    • Polar bear skin rug - Photograph

      This polar bear was taken many years ago in the Yukon. The skin is mounted on two layers of red heavy cotton fabric. The skin was acquired by a private collector, located in western Alberta, in about 2000.

    • Poplar leaves attacked by aspen serpentine leaf miner

      Aspen serpentine leaf miner is a common insect pest in the Northwest Territories. This tree was at 44St and 50th Avenue in Yellowknife. Identification of the pest confirmed by Dr. David Langor Research Scientist, Pest Management and Biodiversity Conservation Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service.

    • Power pole anchoring on shield rock

      In hard rock environments, power poles can be erected in two ways: drilling or augering a large enough hole in the rock that the pole can be placed into it or placing the pole on top of the rock and anchoring it. In this case, rods have been drilled into the rock and the power pole has been bolted to the rods.

    • Prince Bertil Memorial Day Car Rally - Photograph

      Since 1922, a spring vintage car rally has been held on Djurgarden in Stockholm. Members of the Swedish Royal Family, particlularly Prince Bertil routinely took part in the rally. It has now been named Prince Bertil Memorial Day in his honour. It was a rainy day for the 2011 rally, but many participants, dressed in period clothing to match their vehicles took part in the parade.

    • Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre as seen looking across Frame Lake

      The Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre is located on the edge of Frame Lake in Yellowknife, near the Legislative Assembly Building. PWNHC contains a museum, the Territorial Archives, the Museum Restaurant and teaching/programming space. It can be accessed via a flag-lined walkway that leads from Yellowknife City Hall, along the side of Frame Lake.

    • Puddle ice

      Water drains from beneath a surface layer of ice, giving the surface a lighter appearance.

    • Ring-billed gull at Frame Lake, Yellowknife, NWT

      On the day this photo was taken, about 20 ring-billed gulls were on the ground and over Frame Lake. At the picnic tables they were quite aggressive, looking for food. They were visible on the rocks of an island in Frame Lake which was also occupied by terns. Ring-bill gulls were also on light poles in the downtown core and present at the Pilot Monument in the Old Town of Yellowknife.

    • Sculpture of Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778)

      This sculpture of Linnaeus stands in the garden in front of Swedenborg's summer house, which has been relocated to Skansen open air museum in Stockholm. The plaque which stands beside the sculpture.reads "The sculpture is a copy of a wood-carving made by Arne Bergh for the Swedish pavilion at the 1992 World Exposition in Seville, Spain. This bronze copy was financed by a grant from Banco Kultur. It was erected in honour of Linnaeus in conjunction with the 300th anniversary of his birth in 2007. The original portrait was purchased and donated to Skansen by Christer Frunck on behalf of descendents of Harald Lettstrom in 1993."

    • Sealer's trypot on the grounds of the Scott Polar Research Institute

      The old sealers' iron trypot from South Georgia was found on King Edward Point, Grytviken, where it stood near the Magistrate's house until 1952. It is probably late 18th or early 19th century. It was gifted to the Museum in 1952 by Sir Miles Clifford (1897-1986), Anthropologist and Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Falkland Islands. Text courtesy Heather Lane, Librarian and Keeper of Collections, Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England. SPRI ref (Y: 52/53)

    • Semenova Polina Ivanova at the opening of her bead work exhibit in Yakutsk

      At the opening of her beadworking exhibit, Semenova Polina Ivanova sat at a table and received flowers and accolades from a wide variety of people. She wore a headdress, necklace, vest and reindeer hide boots, all beaded with traditional Evenki designs. The ceremony also involved performances by local and visiting artists and school children and a fashion show of modern interpretations of traditional beadwork by Ivanova's grandaughter.

    • Smoking whitefish at Yellowknife

      Smoking of fish is a traditional way of preserving it for winter. Many families have smoke houses at their traditional fish camps. Today, smoked fish is often bagged and frozen for later use.

    • Stinging nettle

      Young shoots and leaves can be boiled and eaten as greens. Stinging nettles are a good source of vitamins.

    • Tamarack bark

      Tamarack is a deciduous conifer. The sap and bark have been used by Indigenous people for healing purposes

    • Traditional Sami woman's cap and shawl

      This is a traditional Sami woman's cap and shawl from the back. The shawl is usually pinned at the front with and elaborate silver pin. The Sami flag sits on the table in front of the woman.

    • Tsiigehtchic steppe bison hair

      This hair of a 36,500 year old bison was preserved in permafrost and found in 2007 by Shane Van Loon. It is currently on display at the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Interpretive signs in the Museum tell us that the hair colour is similar that seen on European cave paintings of steppe bison.

    • Tsiigehtchic steppe bison skull and horns

      This steppe bison skull is at the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre in Yellowknife, NWT. The bison skeleton with skin, hair and flesh attached was found by Shane Van Loon in 2007 emerging from an eroding riverbank. The skull is 13,6500 years old.

    • "United in Celebration"

      This sculpture, created in 2009 by Yellowknife artist Francois Thibault depicts three drum dancers. It is located at the edge of Frame Lake in front of Yellowknife's City Hall.

    • Urban Ins'bear'ation - photograph

      Bears on Broadway was an exhibit of individually painted concrete polar bear statues presented by the Winnipeg Foundation in 2005. Many of the bears continue to be exhibited in sponsors' spaces. However, eighteen of the bears are located on the south lawn of the Manitoba Legislature. Each bear is individually named.

    • Vegetable garden at Fort Edmonton Park

      The Fur Trade Fort is a replica of the 1846 fort, which was located downstream on the site of the Alberta Legislature grounds. The original fort had a garden to supply vegetables to the fort's occupants. This year, the garden to the north of the fort is producing cabbage, corn, potatoes, carrots, beets, turnips, squash, beans and sunflowers.

    • Vendor pushes a sled filled with frozen fish to his stall in the open-air meat and fish market in Yakutsk, Russia

      The open-air meat and fish market in Yakutsk, Russia offers frozen fish, meats, berries, mushrooms and vegetables, as well as some clothing. Most of the fish come from lakes and rivers in the Sahka Republic, while some are imported. The meats include horse, reindeer, beef and pork. The meat is government-inspected and offered as quarters and cuts. Offal is also available. By the end of November the daytime temperature is in the range of -20C to -30C, so the meat and fish stay frozen.

    • White spruce cones - Photograph

      White spruce (Picea glauca) grows throughout the Canadian boreal forest and in Alaska. It is the northernmost tree species in North America. Cones and other parts of the tree have been used in traditional medicines.

    • Willow sculpture at the Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences - photograph

      This willow over wire globe sculpture was located outside the entrance to the Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences, Rantavitikka Campus. The six protrusions at the top of the sculpture echo the symbol of the University, which can be partially seen on the glass of the entry behind the sculpture. The sculpture is a student project, part of a course of studies in natural product industry.

    • World's Oldest Rock - Northwest Territories

      This rock is a chip from the oldest rock in the world, a crustal outcrop at Acasta River, Northwest Territories. It is 3.962 billion years old and is comprised of zircons, quartz, plagioclass fedlspars, biotite, hornblende, allanite, sphene, garnet, magnetite, pyrite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite and other trace minerals.

    • Yarrow - photograph

      Yarrow is found all across Canada's north. Yarrow has been used in traditional medicine for many disorders, most notably to stop bleeding.

    • Yellowknife Curling Club

      The Yellowknife Curling Club curls on the rinks at the Yellowknife Community Arena. The arena is located on Franklin Avenue near Forrest Road.

    • Yellowknife from the air, taking off at the airport

      Taking off to the south at 5:30 p.m. There is smoke on the horizon from the forest fires east of the City. To the left of the image is Frame Lake with Yellowknife's tallest buildings behind it. To the right is the Con Mine tower with its red top.

    • Zakooskee

      A banquet table for foreign dignitaries was laid out with zakooskee, a selection of small dishes traditionally eaten with vodka before a large meal. In this case the zakooskee included cold meats and fish, salads and a variety of fresh fruits.

  • Polar bear - hide - Yellowknife, NWT

  • Polar Libraries Colloquy

  • Posters

    • 1967 Summer School of Frontier Medicine: Impact on Medical Students and Indigenous Communities

      The poorer health status of First Nations, Inuit, Métis (FN/I/M) people in Canada is unacceptable and requires urgent attention. One potential means of improving FN/I/M health is to focus on improving training of medical students to enhance cultural safety. Experiential, community based curriculum is recommended to strengthen relationship building with FN/I/M people and promote culturally safe practice. There is a paucity of literature on previous experiential Canadian FN/I/M medical education initiatives to guide the process of undergraduate medical curriculum development, initiation and evaluation. In 1967 seventy medical students and twenty faculty members from Canadian medical schools took part in a Summer School of Frontier Medicine, held in the Northwest Territories. The program consisted of ten days spent in Inuvik attending lectures, films and discussions regarding local medical and social issues; a week of field work in small groups in small First Nations and Inuit communities throughout the Territories and three days in Edmonton, Alberta for debriefing and evaluation. Using surveys, semi-structured interviews and a narrative methodology we hope to gain an understanding of how the School of Frontier Medicine shaped the participants practice of medicine in relation to FN/I/M people, as well as how the experience of participating in the summer school affected the community members. The historical nature of our project provides a unique opportunity to assess the impact of community based FN/I/M medical education on students, faculty and community members to better inform present day efforts to reform curriculum and improve FN/I/M health care.

    • The Deakin Review of Children's Literature: a New Source for Reviews of Canadian Children's Literature

      The Deakin Review is anelectronic quarterly review of contemporary English-language materials of interest to children and young adults. The Review focuses primarily, but not exclusively, on Canadian English language children’s books. Books reviewed may be electronic or print and range from picture books and non-fiction through to young adult fiction. Each issue contains 25 reviews and includes an editorial and news relevant to children’s literacy. Books are selected by the reviewers, so the scope of the content is as varied as the reviewers interests. All books selected for review are added to the University of Alberta’s Bruce Peel Special Collection as a non-circulating research collection.

    • From Triage to the Big Picture: Developing a Comprehensive Information Literacy Program for a Medical Faculty

      The Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Alberta is large and diverse. Liaison librarians at the health sciences library are evaluating the information literacy (IL) instruction being delivered to the Faculty, in order to identify current strengths and gaps in instruction, realign teaching priorities, and develop effective asynchronous delivery mechanisms. The end-goal of this evaluation will be the development of a comprehensive IL program that meets the needs of all constituents within the Faculty. This program will be implemented and evaluated in stages over the next three years.

    • Shaping of a digital library in Canada's North

      This project seeks to: 1. Investigate and identify the information needs and information seeking behaviour of community members in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. 2. Identify and select cultural heritage information. 3. Create a culturally appropriate metadata framework for resource description. 4. Develop requirements for multilingual user interfaces that support the dominant languages. 5. Conduct a user centred evaluation of the digital library. 6. Develop a sustainability strategy for the digital library to ensure long-term access to information. 6. Provide training in information management to local project participants.

    • Using a Professional Continuing Medical Education Simulation to Engage Undergraduate Medical Students in Information Literacy

      Objective: 1. To engage students by delivering an Evidence Based Medicine assignment in a system that simulates a professional medical continuing education system that many participants will use in residency and practice. 2. To convert a paper-based “searching for and evaluating evidence” assignment to an interactive electronic format, embedded in a course management system. Methods: The College of Family Physicians of Canada's Pearls™ continuing medical education program was simplified for use by medical students beginning their Clinical Clerkship. All of the students had completed a similar paper-based assignment within the previous two years. Students completed the interactive electronic assignment during class time. At the end of the session students were asked to complete an electronic survey which was designed to measure their preference for the paper or electronic delivery of the assignment and whether or not the delivery in the context of a continuing medical education program was engaging for them. Results: Evidence gathered through the surveys showed that the students preferred the interactive electronic version of the assignment and that most of the students valued the introduction to the continuing medical education environment. Conclusion: Based on this research, this program will be integrated further into the information literacy instruction of undergraduate medical students.

    • Using Pollutant Release and Transfer Register Data for Environmental Health Research

      Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTRs) are national databases of chemical releases reported by industry to governments. The importance of pollutants to health is well documented, however the use of PRTR data to study relationships between health outcomes and pollution has not been evaluated. A preliminary literature search found few published studies that used data from the Canadian PRTR. Understanding past uses of PRTR data is important in the evaluation of their applicability to future health studies.

  • PowerPoint Presentations

  • Providone-Iodine

    • Providone-Iodine Irrigation of Subcutaneous Tissues May Decrease Surgical Site Infections in Elective Colorectal Operations: A Systematic Review

      Background: Postoperative wound infection is the most common complication following abdominal surgery and leads to delayed wound healing, prolonged hospital length of stay (LOS), and causes morbidity. Povidone-Iodine (PVI) is a broad-spectrum anti-septic and disinfectant solution, and can be used intra-operatively to irrigate subcutaneous tissues prior to abdominal skin closure. We systematically reviewed the literature regarding the efficacy of intraoperative PVI irrigation of subcutaneous tissues following elective colorectal surgery. Methods: A comprehensive search of electronic databases and various grey literature sources was completed. Unpublished and non-English-language results were included. All clinical controlled trials involving PVI solution in adult colorectal surgery were included. Two independent reviewers assessed the studies for relevance, inclusion, methodological quality and extracted data from the full versions of the manuscripts. Disagreements were resolved by re-extraction or third party adjudication. Data for dichotomous outcomes are reported as relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). For continuous data, mean differences (MD) are reported with 95% CIs. Results: Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving 205 patients comparing PVI solution or spray to a control group following abdominal fascial closure in elective colorectal or clean-contaminated operations were identified. Pooled results demonstrated a reduction in surgical site infection for patients treated with PVI (RR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.22 to 3.17) compared to controls. Conclusions: Irrigation of subcutaneous tissues with PVI following abdominal fascial closure is associated with a reduced incidence of surgical site infection. Due to the small number of included trials and patients, additional robust randomized trials are needed.

  • Reichardt, Randy

  • Search Filters

  • Search Filters - Canadian Indignenous Peoples - Newfoundland and Labrador - Canada

  • Search Filters - Canadian Indignenous Peoples - Northwest Territories - Canada

  • Search Filters - Canadian Indignenous Peoples - Saskatchewan - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indigenous Peoples - Alberta - Canada

  • Search filters - Indigenous Peoples - British Columbia - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indigenous Peoples - Manitoba - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples - New Brunswick - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples - Nova Scotia - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples - Nunavut - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples -Ontario - Canada

  • Search Filters - Indignenous Peoples -Quebec - Canada

  • Systematic Review Searching - teaching materials

    • Introduction to Systematic Review Searching: PowerPoint Presentaton

      This PowerPoint presentation is used in a three-hour workshop designed to provide an introduction to database searching in the context of systematic reviews as a research method. The program focuses on structured searching, database selection and documentation of the search for the methods section and appendix of a systematic review.

  • Systematic Review Searching Training

    • Introduction to Systematic Review Searching: Workshop Outline

      This workshop has been offered 35 times between 2011 and 2015 by librarians at the University of Alberta John W. Scott Health Sciences Library. It is a three hour workshop which covers defining the research questions using PICO forms, Boolean Logic, database selection, structured searching using textwords and subject headings, exporting references and preparing the search methods section and search strategy appendicies for for publication in a systematic review.

  • Systematic Reviews - protocols

    • Systematic Review Protocol Template

      When researchers undertake a systematic review, it is standard practice to create and publish a protocol. This template was developed to help researchers think through the requirements of their review before undertaking their systematic review search.

  • Traditional and Indigenous Healing