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Developing a Generic Resource Allocation Framework for Construction Simulation Open Access


Other title
High Level Architecture
Resource Allocation
Auction Protocol
Module Assembly
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Taghaddos, Hosein
Supervisor and department
AbouRizk, Simaan (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Mohamed, Yasser (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Bindiganavile, Vivek (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Lipsett, Michael (Mechanical Engineering)
Peña-Mora, Feniosky (Civil and Environmental Engineering, Columbia University)
Lee, SangHyun (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
The allocation of resources over time, referred to as resource scheduling, in large-scale construction environments is a challenging problem. Although traditional network scheduling techniques are the most popular scheduling techniques in the construction industry, they are ineffective in modeling the dynamic nature and resource interactions of large projects. Simulation based modeling or optimization techniques are also time-consuming, complicated and costly to be implemented in large-scale projects. This research is focused on developing a new framework to insert artificial intelligence inside construction simulations for facilitating the resource allocation process. The first stage in this study was developing a framework to solve resource scheduling problems in large scale construction projects. This framework, called the Simulation Based Auction Protocol (SBAP), integrates Multi-Agent Resource Allocation (MARA) in a simulation environment. This hybrid framework deploys centralized MARA (i.e., auction protocols) whereby agents bid on different combinations of resources at the start of a simulation cycle. Agents attempt to improve their individual welfare by acquiring a combination of resources. An auctioneer is designed to allocate resources to the agents by maximizing the overall welfare of the society. Simulation is also employed to track the availability of resources, and manage resource oriented activities. This framework is implemented in two large construction applications of scheduling module assembly yard and multiple heavy lift planning in modular construction. The second objective of this project is to develop a generic resource allocation component for addressing optimized resource allocation in various construction projects. This component is developed in a large scale model using High Level Architecture (HLA), instead of traditional simulation environments. HLA allows splitting a large scale model, known as a federation, into a number of manageable components (i.e., federates), while maintaining interoperability between them. A generic Resource Allocation (RA) federate is designed to act as an auctioneer for federates developed based on the SBAP. Another generic federate is also built to automate the communication with the RA federate. These two generic federates can be reused in various construction federations. This framework is successfully implemented in an industrial construction process that involves different supply chains including spool fabrication, module assembly and heavy crane lifts in site construction.
License granted by Hosein Taghaddos ( on 2010-08-26T21:04:10Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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