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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R34X54T4N

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The Role of Nutrient and Carbon Reserve Status of Aspen Seedlings in Root-Soil Interactions Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
Root exudation
Aspen
Disturbance
Non-structural carbohydrates
Ectomycorrhiza
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Gaster, Jacob
Supervisor and department
Karst, Justine (Renewable Resources)
Landhausser, Simon (Renewable Resources)
Examining committee member and department
Quideau, Sylvie (Renewable Resources)
Karst, Justine (Renewable Resources)
Landhausser, Simon (Renewable Resources)
Department
Department of Renewable Resources
Specialization
Land Reclamation and Remediation
Date accepted
2015-05-12T13:56:14Z
Graduation date
2015-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
The boreal forest is one of the largest forest ecosystems in the world, covering 14.7 million km2 globally. The Canadian boreal forest has a wealth of natural resources, including coal, timber, and oil; as resource exploration and exploitation has expanded, anthropogenic disturbance in the boreal forest has increased as well. After resource extraction, Alberta regulations mandate that disturbed land be restored to ecosystems of ‘equivalent productive capability’. Given the severity of such landscape-level disturbances, restoration can be a challenge. Towards improving boreal forest restoration, I examined the influence of aspen seedling nutrient and carbon reserve factors on the community development of important belowground mutualists, ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF), in a reclamation context. Specifically, I examined (1) the ectomycorrhizal community composition on two aspen seedling (Populus tremuloides Michx.) feed types (high and standard), which had differing tissue carbon storage and nutrient levels, planted into two types of cover soils, a reclaimed forest floor and a peat-mineral soil mix. I also investigated (2) the relationship between carbon storage and the release of carbon compounds from the roots when exposed to environmental stressors common in the boreal forest; these compounds (root exudates) are important for the development of the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis. I found that (1) the abundance of EMF was influenced by feed type but not cover soil type, with high feed seedlings having increased colonization by EMF than standard feed seedlings. However, cover soil type influenced the abundance of one EMF species at the site. I also found that (2) exudation was determined by the concentration of C reserves when seedlings were exposed to the same environmental conditions; when exposed to different conditions, factors specific to each stress had a greater influence on exudation. Based on these results, I propose that seedlings should undergo nutrient loading prior to outplanting to improve EMF recovery and that the mechanism behind increased EMF colonization of high feed seedlings may be related to exudation.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R34X54T4N
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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