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Theses and Dissertations

An overview of sodium, calcium, and vitamin D dietary-related behaviors of Chinese Canadians in Edmonton Open Access


Other title
Nutrition assessment
Vitamin D deficiency
Dietary sodium
Dietary calcium
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Yu, Yan Han
Supervisor and department
Willows, Noreen (Agricultural, food, and nutritional science)
Farmer, Anna (Agricultural, food, and nuritional science)
Examining committee member and department
Mager, Diana (Agricultural, food, and nutritional science)
Katerina Maximova (Public health sciences)
Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
Nutrition and metabolism
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
The sodium, calcium, and vitamin D intakes and their respective food sources were assessed in a convenience sample of 81 Canadian-born and foreign-born Chinese adults from the University of Alberta in Edmonton. The mean intakes of sodium, calcium, and vitamin D were 3,623 ± 1,406 mg/day, 794 ± 351 mg/day, and 4.4 ± 3.7 μg/day, respectively. Participants were at high risk for calcium and vitamin D inadequacies and excessive sodium intake. Commercially-processed foods (condiments included) were the main source of sodium (54%). Milk and dairy were the primary sources of calcium (42%) and vitamin D (53%). The findings imply that Chinese adults, Canadian-born and foreign-born alike, are consuming foods typical of Western diets. Western foods are thus important to target to optimize intakes of vitamin D and calcium and to reduce sodium intakes in Chinese Canadians. The study findings can be used to improve future nutrition messaging for each group.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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