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Providone-Iodine Irrigation of Subcutaneous Tissues May Decrease Surgical Site Infections in Elective Colorectal Operations: A Systematic Review Open Access

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Author or creator
Gill, Richdeep S.
Al-Adra, David P.
Campbell, Sandy
Olson, David W.
Rowe, Brian H.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Providone-Iodine
Colorectal operation
Surgical site infection
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Background: Postoperative wound infection is the most common complication following abdominal surgery and leads to delayed wound healing, prolonged hospital length of stay (LOS), and causes morbidity. Povidone-Iodine (PVI) is a broad-spectrum anti-septic and disinfectant solution, and can be used intra-operatively to irrigate subcutaneous tissues prior to abdominal skin closure. We systematically reviewed the literature regarding the efficacy of intraoperative PVI irrigation of subcutaneous tissues following elective colorectal surgery. Methods: A comprehensive search of electronic databases and various grey literature sources was completed. Unpublished and non-English-language results were included. All clinical controlled trials involving PVI solution in adult colorectal surgery were included. Two independent reviewers assessed the studies for relevance, inclusion, methodological quality and extracted data from the full versions of the manuscripts. Disagreements were resolved by re-extraction or third party adjudication. Data for dichotomous outcomes are reported as relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). For continuous data, mean differences (MD) are reported with 95% CIs. Results: Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving 205 patients comparing PVI solution or spray to a control group following abdominal fascial closure in elective colorectal or clean-contaminated operations were identified. Pooled results demonstrated a reduction in surgical site infection for patients treated with PVI (RR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.22 to 3.17) compared to controls. Conclusions: Irrigation of subcutaneous tissues with PVI following abdominal fascial closure is associated with a reduced incidence of surgical site infection. Due to the small number of included trials and patients, additional robust randomized trials are needed.
Date created
2011/06/01
License information
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
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Citation for previous publication
Gill, Richdeep S., David P Al-Adra, Sandy Campbell, David W Olson, Brian H Rowe. Povidone-Iodine Irrigation of Subcutaneous Tissues May Decrease Surgical Site Infections in Elective Colorectal Operations: A Systematic Review. Gastroenterology Research, 2011,4(3), 97-106
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