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Development and Evaluation of Model-Based Adaptive Signal Control for Congested Arterial Traffic Open Access


Other title
Congested Arterial Traffic
Genetic Algorithm
Multiobjective Optimization
Adaptive Traffic Signal Control
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Liu, Gang
Supervisor and department
Qiu, Tony Z. (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Liu, Jinfeng (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
El-Basyouny, Karim (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Kim, Amy (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Kumar, Amit (Department of Mechanical Engineering)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Under congested conditions, the road traffic states of different arterial links will interact with each other; therefore, it is necessary to understand the behavior of traffic corridors and to investigate corridor-wide traffic coordinated control strategies. In order to achieve this, traffic flow models are applied in signal control to predict future traffic states. Optimization tools are used to search for the best sequence of future control decisions, based on predictions by traffic flow models. A number of model-based adaptive control strategies have been presented in the literature and have been proved effective in practice. However, most studies have modeled the traffic dynamic either at a link-based level or at an individual movement-based level. Moreover, the efficiency of corridor-wide coordination algorithms for congested large-scale networks still needs to be further improved. A hierarchical control structure is developed to divide the complex control problem into different control layers: the highest level optimizes the cycle length, the mid layer optimizes the offsets, and the Model Predictive Control (MPC) procedure is implemented in the lowest layer to optimize the split. In addition, there is an extra multi-modal priority control layer to provide priority for different travel modes. Firstly, MPC is applied to optimize the signal timing plans for arterial traffic. The objectives are to increase the throughput. A hybrid urban traffic flow model is proposed to provide relatively accurate predictions of the traffic state dynamic, which is capable of simulating queue evolutions among different lane groups in a specific link. Secondly, this study expands the dynamic queue concept to the corridor-wide coordination problem. The ideal offset and boundary offsets to avoid spillback and starvation are found based on the shockwave profiles at each signalized intersection. A new multi-objective optimization model based on the preemptive goal programming is proposed to find the optimal offset. Thirdly, the priority control problem is formulated into a multi-objective optimization model, which is solved with a Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm. Pareto-optimal front results are presented to evaluate the trade-off among different objectives and the most appropriate solution is chosen with high-level information. Performance of the new adaptive controller is verified with software-in-the-loop simulation. The applied simulation environment contains VISSIM with the ASC/3 module as the simulation environment and the control system as the solver. The simulation test bed includes two arterial corridors in Edmonton, Alberta. The simulation network was well calibrated and validated. The simulation results show that the proposed adaptive control methods outperform actuated control in increasing throughput, decreasing delay, and preventing queue spillback.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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