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Understanding the Role of Social Capital in Oral Health of First Nations Children Open Access


Other title
Social Capital
Oral Health
First Nations
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Salehyar, Mohammad Hossein
Supervisor and department
Sharifzadeh-Amin, Maryam; School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
Examining committee member and department
Chow, Ava; School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
Keenan, Louanne; Division of Community Engagement, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
Patterson, Steven ; School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
Medical Sciences-Dentistry

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
Objectives: To explore how the concept of social capital can be utilized to generate ideas for a First Nations community oral health initiative. Methods: A qualitative case study design was employed. An interview guide developed based on Putnam’s concept of social capital directed 7 individual and 2 focus group interviews. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Results: While a strong bonding social capital was found among the members of this close-knit community, an obvious need for improvement of bridging social capital to reach external resources was observed. Access to preventive measures and dental care seemed to be major barriers to oral health for this community. Mobilizing or building community’s social capital can play a role when planning future interventions. Conclusions: A better understanding of social capital may enhance the Band’s investment and productivity as they strive to improve oral health outcomes by enforcing healthy oral behaviors and to improve access to external resources.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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