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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3J03Z

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Problems of Extension in Justice as Fairness Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Immanuel Kant
Coercive Enforceability
Patienthood
Personhood
Political Liberalism
Justice as Fairness
Constructivism
John Rawls
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Pitcher, David
Supervisor and department
Nye, Howard (Philosophy)
Examining committee member and department
Hunter, Bruce (Philosophy)
Burch, Robert (Philosophy)
Welchman, Jennifer (Philosophy)
Carmichael, Don (Political Science)
Department
Department of Philosophy
Specialization

Date accepted
2011-09-28T04:26:04Z
Graduation date
2011-11
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
In John Rawls's liberal theory called “Justice as Fairness,” citizens are conceived as reasonable and rational, and this conception of citizenship forms the basis for constructing principles of justice. Rawls notes that it is unclear how his theory of justice is to apply to entities other than citizens, and calls these cases “problems of extension.” In this thesis, I discuss the way in which problems of extension arise in Rawls's work, and argue that there are underlying Kantian assumptions that lead Rawls to regard the conception of personhood as both necessary and sufficient conditions for being owed duties of justice. I argue that, on a constructivist interpretation of Rawls's theory, these assumptions are superfluous and threaten the political aspect of Justice as Fairness. I explore a revised version of Justice as Fairness wherein duties to non-citizens are acknowledged, and conclude that the problems of extension can be solved.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3J03Z
Rights
License granted by David Pitcher (dpitcher@ualberta.ca) on 2011-09-27T19:11:02Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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