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The Application of Electrospun Photocatalytic BiFeO3 Nanofibers in Water Treatment Open Access


Other title
BiFeO3 nanofibers
water treatment
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Mojir Shaibani, Parmiss
Supervisor and department
Thundat, Thomas (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Mitra, Sushanta (Mechanical Engineering)
Thundat, Thomas (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Prasad, Vinay (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
Materials Engineering
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
One-dimensional BiFeO3 (BFO) nanofibers were fabricated using the simple electrospinning of a Nylon6/BFO solution, carried out on a homemade electrospinning apparatus, and subsequent calcination at 600 °C. The photocatalytic activity of the nanofibers and their application in water purification was investigated against 4-Chlorophenol (4CP) as a model water contaminant. A pseudo-first order kinetics model was utilized in order to understand the degradation kinetics of the system. The SEM images of the as-spun samples demonstrated the successful production of nanofibers and the SEM images of the samples after calcination confirmed the integrity of the continuous BFO nanofibers. XRD analysis indicated the dominant presence of BFO phase throughout the calcinated nanofibers. The results of the UV-Vis spectroscopy exhibit the degradation of the 4CP by means of the Photocatalytic activity of the BFO nanofibers. The kinetics of the photodegradation of 4CP is believed to be governed by a pseudo-first order kinetics model.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
The Effect of Electric Field on the Diameter and Size Distribution of Electrospun Nylon6 Nanofibers, Journal of Scanning Microscopies, DOI ‪10.1002/sca.21044‬.‬

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