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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3C971

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Homeless and policed: The racialized policing of homelessness, space, and mobility in Edmonton Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Homelessness
Urban Space
Critical Criminology
Ethnography
Aboriginality
Interviews
Policing
Mobility
Race
Racialization
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Freistadt, Joshua E
Supervisor and department
Hogeveen, Bryan (Sociology)
Examining committee member and department
Pavlich, George (Sociology)
Doyle, Aaron (Sociology)
Grekul, Jana (Sociology)
Renke, Wayne (Law)
Department
Department of Sociology
Specialization

Date accepted
2013-11-19T15:53:27Z
Graduation date
2014-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
The City of Edmonton recently developed an anti-panhandling bylaw and a diverted giving campaign. Previous literature on the policing of homelessness has focused on the development and discourses of these measures. Using 22 interviews with homeless adults, I examine how homeless persons experience policing. I argue that Edmonton’s anti-panhandling efforts hold problematic assumptions about street life and contribute to a racialized policing of homelessness, space, and mobility. My findings contribute to previous literature by documenting how the policing of homelessness unfolds on the ground, the politics behind it, and the ways it intersects with racial identity. I show that the policing of homelessness targets all visibly homeless persons who stand out in prime consumer spaces, attempts to displace these homeless persons into marginalized spaces, and in so doing produces spaces and patterns of mobility that disadvantage homeless Aboriginals. I discuss how this displacement benefits businesses, perpetuates policing, and maintains racial hierarchies. My analyses contrast the stories of homeless persons with existing arguments about the policing of homelessness. I reject the claims of broken windows sympathizers, dispute the argument that anti-homeless efforts attempt to produce proletarians, refine arguments that the policing of homelessness removes the poor from consumer spaces, reorient the position that urban policing maintains pedestrian flow, and extend discussions of racialized policing. I conclude that attempts to challenge the policing of homelessness must address the diverse and racialized ways it unfolds.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3C971
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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