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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R35D76

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Portable-XRF Analysis of Archaeological Obsidian from Rebun Island, Japan Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Japanese Archaeology
Obsidian Provenance
Jomon
Portable X-ray Fluorescence
Okhotsk
Hokkaido Archaeology
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Lynch, Sean C.
Supervisor and department
Andrzej Weber (Anthropology)
Examining committee member and department
Pamela Willoughby (Anthropology)
Andrzej Weber (Anthropolgoy)
Duane Froese (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
Department
Department of Anthropology
Specialization

Date accepted
2013-07-11T09:27:08Z
Graduation date
2013-11
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Ongoing excavations on Rebun Island have demonstrated the prehistoric use of obsidian persistently from the Middle Jomon (5400−4300 cal.YBP) to Okhotsk (1500−750 YBP) periods. Since obsidian does not occur naturally on Rebun Island, only the transportation of raw materials and/or finished tools over great distances accounts for their presence there. Previous research in northeast Asia has shown that movement of obsidian from various sources on Hokkaido played a vital role in the entire lithic industry since the Paleolithic. As cultures varied in Northern Japan from the Middle Jomon to the Okhotsk periods, the patterns of source exploitation are also believed to have changed. This expectation is tested by evaluating the sources of archaeological obsidian recovered from three archaeological sites on Rebun Island (Uedomari 3, Kafukai 1, and Hamanaka 2) through portable-XRF. This method provides new insights into the dynamics of resource procurement and distribution among Middle Jomon to Okhotsk hunter–gatherers on Rebun Island.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R35D76
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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