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An Examination of the Potential Long-Term Psychosocial Effects of Sport-Related Concussion in Adolescent Male Hockey Players Open Access


Other title
Sport-Related Concussion
Psychosocial Effects
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Chipchar, Eileen N.
Supervisor and department
Mrazik, Martin (Educational Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Bulut, Okan (Educational Psychology)
Mrazik, Martin (Educational Psychology)
Cormier, Damien (Educational Psychology)
Department of Educational Psychology
School and Clinical Child Psychology
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Education
Degree level
Purpose: The main objective of this study was to examine whether elite youth male ice hockey players with a medical history of one or more concussion(s) would exhibit more pronounced deficits in their psychosocial functioning than a non-injured control. Methods: The study had a cross-sectional design. Data was collected at the start of the regular 2011-2012 competitive hockey season. The sample included 394 male ice hockey players from elite Bantam (12-14 years) and Midget (15-17 years) divisions of play (AA-AAA). Player concussion history was retrieved from a take-home Preseason Baseline Questionnaire that was completed by the player with parental input. A BASC-2 Parent Rating Scale was also completed by the player’s parent and used to measure variable outcomes relevant to psychosocial functioning. Data Analysis: A Univariate ANCOVA was conducted using SPSS software to determine if a significant difference existed amongst concussion groups (e.g.; no concussion; 1 concussion; 2 or more concussions) with respect to each BASC-2 PRS variable outcome. Age was inputted as a fixed variable. Results: In general, there were no significant differences between players with a medical history of one or more concussion(s) and a non-injured control. Players with a history of cumulative concussions (2 or more) did not show significantly worse outcomes than those who reported one prior concussion injury. A significant group difference was found with regards to the BASC-2 PRS Withdrawal Clinical Scale [F(2, 390)=.4.768, p
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