ERA

Download the full-sized PDF of Maritime Least Cost Path Analysis of Paleoamerican Migration on the Northwest Coast of North AmericaDownload the full-sized PDF

Analytics

Share

Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3CN6Z98K

Download

Export to: EndNote  |  Zotero  |  Mendeley

Communities

This file is in the following communities:

Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of

Collections

This file is in the following collections:

Theses and Dissertations

Maritime Least Cost Path Analysis of Paleoamerican Migration on the Northwest Coast of North America Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
GIS
Paleoamerican
Leas Cost Path
Arcaheology
Paleo-Indian
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Gustas, Robert H
Supervisor and department
Supernant, Kisha (Anthropology)
Examining committee member and department
Losey, Robert (Anthropology)
Ives, John (Anthropology)
Department
Department of Anthropology
Specialization

Date accepted
2015-09-25T08:42:30Z
Graduation date
2015-11
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
In this thesis, I use the Geographic Information System (GIS) technique of least cost path analysis to recreate the maritime movement events of Paleoamerican peoples traveling through five different North American Northwest Coast landscapes during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. I make use of multiple modeling simulations, movement cost-weighting scenarios, and spatial data resolutions to predict the paths that early mariners may have used to travel through the physical world that existed between 10,000 and 16,000 cal. yr BP. This spatial analysis helps to identify areas that may have been inhabited by the first peoples to arrive in the New World by ranking locations within landscapes by ease of access as determined from physiological, environmental, and cultural variables. Using these values, the paths of least resistance between movement event origin and destination points are plotted and the patterns of predicted movement event routes are analyzed within the context of biogeographically oriented transient explorers undertaking long range leap-frog boat based journeys. By looking at least cost path clustering patterns, directional mean, coastline proximity, and amount of overland travel significant new insights are made into the application of least cost path analysis to prehistoric maritime migrations and the Paleoamerican history of the Northwest Coast. Lastly, I use this knowledge to suggest locations that have a high probability of containing Paleoamerican sites based on the results of my maritime least cost path modeling.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3CN6Z98K
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication

File Details

Date Uploaded
Date Modified
2015-09-25T14:42:30.971+00:00
Audit Status
Audits have not yet been run on this file.
Characterization
File format: pdf (PDF/A)
Mime type: application/pdf
File size: 59222717
Last modified: 2016:06:24 17:05:55-06:00
Filename: Gustas_Robert_H_201509_MA.pdf
Original checksum: 0eb21510970557596c6c6d88ecb6980e
Activity of users you follow
User Activity Date