Download the full-sized PDF of Examining the Moderating Effects of Adolescent Self-Compassion on the Relationship Between Social Rank and DepressionDownload the full-sized PDF


Download  |  Analytics

Export to: EndNote  |  Zotero  |  Mendeley


This file is in the following communities:

Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research


This file is in the following collections:

Theses and Dissertations

Examining the Moderating Effects of Adolescent Self-Compassion on the Relationship Between Social Rank and Depression Open Access


Other title
social rank
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Williams, Jennifer L
Supervisor and department
Van Vliet, K. Jessica (Department of Educational Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Truscott, Derek (Educational Psychology)
Leroy, Carol (Elementary Education)
Department of Educational Psychology
Counselling Psychology
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Education
Degree level
Depression among today’s youth is associated with detrimental risk factors, including suicide. The social rank theory of depression suggests that humans naturally engage in social competition to achieve status and when perceptions of inferiority arise, depression may be triggered. The current study examined self-compassion as a resiliency mechanism against depression among adolescents with perceptions of low social rank. It was proposed that low social rank and decreased self-compassion would predict depression, and that self-compassion would moderate the relationship between rank and depression. A sample of 126 adolescents completed questionnaires measuring depression, social rank (defined by social comparison and submissive behaviour), and self-compassion. Results indicated that negative social comparison, increased submissive behaviour, and decreased self-compassion predicted depression. Furthermore, high levels of self-compassion weakened the relationship between rank and depression, while low levels of self-compassion strengthened the relationship. These findings may have important implications for counselling psychologists working with depression in adolescence.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication

File Details

Date Uploaded
Date Modified
Audit Status
Audits have not yet been run on this file.
File format: pdf (Portable Document Format)
Mime type: application/pdf
File size: 632417
Last modified: 2015:10:12 10:49:26-06:00
Filename: Williams_Jennifer_Spring 2013.pdf
Original checksum: 943568dae2ba5fc2c64367ec1bf82ac3
Well formed: true
Valid: true
File title: University of Alberta
File author: Owner
Page count: 109
File language: en-CA
Activity of users you follow
User Activity Date