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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R33R0Q24W

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Effects of Non-hydrocarbon Liquids on Particulate Emissions of Flares Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
non-hydrocarbon liquid
sodium chloride
hydrochloric acid
particle emission
flare
distilled water
emission factor
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Kazemimanesh, Mohsen
Supervisor and department
Olfert, Jason (Mechanical engineering)
Kostiuk, Larry (Mechanical engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Martin, Andrew (Mechanical engineering)
Olfert, Jason (Mechanical engineering)
Kostiuk, Larry (Mechanical engineering)
Department
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Specialization

Date accepted
2014-07-03T14:37:00Z
Graduation date
2014-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
To investigate the effects of non-hydrocarbon liquids found in the produced water following fracturing operations on particulate emissions of flares, a small-scale experiment with methane diffusion flame was used. Size distributions, mass-mobility relationships, effective density, volatility, and elemental analysis of particulate emissions from unseeded and seeded flames were obtained. To mimic real flaring, another pilot-scale experiment using a 2-in. diameter burner with a methane-based turbulent diffusion flame with flow conditions and fuel composition typical of flares in the petroleum industry was used. Particle morphology was determined using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Particle size distributions, soot volume fractions, and emission factors were obtained using Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) and Laser-Induced Incandescence (LII). The results showed that emission factor depended on the liquid mass ratio. Distilled water and HCl solution decreased emission factor. Emission factor was orders of magnitude higher for NaCl-doped flames; however, majority of particles were NaCl and soot emission was suppressed in this case.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R33R0Q24W
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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