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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3542JG1X

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Habsburg Self and Bourbon Other in the Franco-Austrian Alliance, 1756-1791 Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
Habsburg Monarchy
Leopold II
Eighteenth Century
Paul W. Schroeder
International Relations
Franco-Austrian Alliance
Marie Antoinette
Maria Theresia
Austrophobia
France
Kaunitz
Joseph II
Austria
Diplomacy
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Swanson, David MJ
Supervisor and department
Szabo, Franz (History and Classics)
Examining committee member and department
Szabo, Franz (History and Classics)
Mitterbauer, Helga (Visiting Professor, Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
Patrouch, Joseph (History and Classics)
Samson, Jane (History and Classics)
Department
Department of History and Classics
Specialization
History
Date accepted
2014-09-26T16:18:30Z
Graduation date
2014-11
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Taking cues from the work of Paul W. Schroeder, this project seeks to investigate the particular conditions which allowed the Habsburg Monarchy and two of its leading politicians—Leopold II and Metternich—to have such pride of place in Schroeder’s ‘transformation’ of the European state-system. It contends that the international politics of restraint, reciprocity, and far-sighted collective security predate the French Revolution and the Habsburg reaction to it, instead proceeding from the Austrian experience in the 18th Century. At the same time, inspired by both constructivist and critical approaches to diplomatic history, this project aims to set this ‘Habsburg self’ against its ‘Bourbon other’ in a discussion of the Monarchy’s primary ally from 1756–1791: the Kingdom of France. In this sense it acts as a much-needed counterpart to the burgeoning literature on French perceptions of Austria, Marie Antoinette, and Austrophobia. Far from a “deadlocked alliance”, what emerges from this analysis is the history of a relationship—founded on a significant degree of assumption of commensurability—which Habsburg policymakers consistently sought to improve through further investment and optimism, despite repeated disappointments. This structure serves to set France and Austria apart from the other Great Powers, particularly Prussia and Russia, in order to tentatively suggest that the diplomatic and foreign-policy cultures of ancien-régime Habsburg–Bourbon Europe anticipated the international order of the 19th Century.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3542JG1X
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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