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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3Q90G

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The levels of self-criticism and forms of dependency: their relation to attachment, the working alliance, and outcome Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
working alliance
forms of dependency
levels of self-criticism
attachment
outcome
psychotherapy
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Banack, Kendell D
Supervisor and department
Whelton, William (Educational Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
da Costa, Jose (Educational Policy Studies)
Buck, George (Educational Psychology)
Department
Department of Educational Psychology
Specialization

Date accepted
2009-10-02T21:12:33Z
Graduation date
2009-11
Degree
Master of Education
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
This study examined the relationships between attachment style and the levels of self-criticism (comparative and introjective) and forms of dependency (neediness and connectedness) and the working alliance and outcome variables over the course of psychotherapy. Sixty-five adult clients receiving therapy at a mental health clinic completed questionnaires after the first, fifth, and second to last sessions. Strong positive correlations were found between neediness and insecure attachment and negative correlations between neediness and secure attachment. Similar, yet weaker relationships were found between connectedness and attachment. Comparative self-criticism was positively associated with preoccupied and fearful attachment and negatively associated with secure attachment. Similar, yet weaker relationships were found between introjective self-criticism and attachment. Connectedness was associated with a strong working alliance across therapy and comparative self-criticism with a poor working alliance at session five. Although neediness was associated with poor outcome, preoccupied attachment was the best predictor of poor therapeutic outcome.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3Q90G
Rights
License granted by Kendell Banack (kdjanzen@ualberta.ca) on 2009-10-02T05:35:50Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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