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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3K35MD2V

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Current status of invasive alien birch-leafmining sawflies (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) in Canada, with keys to species Open Access

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Author or creator
Digweed, S. C.
MacQuarrie, C. J. K.
Langor, D. W.
Williams, D. J. M.
Spence, J. R.
Nystrom, K. L.
Morneau, L.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Leaf-mining sawflies
Neochrysocharis kurdjumov hymenoptera
Chrysonotomyia ashmead
Fenusa-pusilla hymenoptera
Messa-nana hymenoptera
Thimet soil treatments
Systemic insecticides
Scolioneura-betuleti hymenoptera
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Abstract: In the 20th century, five species of birch-leafmining sawflies were inadvertently introduced from Europe to North America: Heterarthrus nemoratus (Fallen), Fenusa pumila Leach, Profenusa thomsoni (Konow), Fenusella nana (Klug), and Scolioneura vicina Konow. All have been recorded at outbreak levels in North America, and three (F. pumila, P. thomsoni, and H. nemoratus) have been the targets of successful biological control programs. The most recently detected species, F. nana and S. vicina, are good candidates for future biological control in Canada. We review the biology of all five of these birch-leafmining sawflies in North America and present keys to adults, larvae, and mines to aid correct identification.
Date created
2009
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3K35MD2V
License information
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© 2009 Cambridge University Press. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
Citation for previous publication
Digweed, S. C., MacQuarrie, C. J. K., Langor, D. W., Williams, D. J. M., Spence, J. R., Nystrom, K. L., and Morneau, L. (2009). Current status of invasive alien birch-leafmining sawflies (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) in Canada, with keys to species. Canadian Entomologist, 141(3), 201-235. DOI: 10.4039/n09-003.
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