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Diurnal and annual exchanges of mass and energy between an aspen-hazelnut forest and the atmosphere: testing the mathematical model ecosys with data from the BOREAS experiment Open Access

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Author or creator
Grant, R.F.
Black, T.A.
den Hartog, G.
Berry, J.A.
Gower, S.T.
Neumann, H.H.
Blanken, P.D.
Yang, P.C.
Russell, C.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Jack pine
Elevated carbon-dioxide
Black spruce
Simulation-model
Soil organic-matter
Root-growth
Nitrous-oxide
Trembling aspen
Phosphorus uptake
CO2 enrichment
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
There is much uncertainty about the net carbon (C) exchange of boreal forest ecosystems, although this exchange may be an important part of global C dynamics. To resolve this uncertainty, net C exchange has been measured at several sites in the boreal forest of Canada as part of the Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS). One of these sites is the Southern Old Aspen site at which diurnal CO2 and energy (radiation, latent, and sensible heat) fluxes were measured during 1994 using eddy correlation techniques at different positions within a mixed 70 year old aspen-hazelnut forest. These measurements were used to test a complex ecosystem model \"ecosys\" in which mass and energy exchanges between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere are simulated hourly under diverse conditions of soil, management, and climate. These simulations explained between 70% and 80% of diurnal variation in ecosystem CO2 and energy fluxes measured during three 1 week intervals in late April, early June, and mid-July. Total annual CO2 fluxes indicated that during 1994, aspen was a net sink of 540 (modeled) versus 670 (measured) g C m(-2) yr(-1), while hazelnut plus soil were a net source of 472 (modeled) versus 540 (measured) g C m(-2) yr(-1). The aspen-hazelnut forest at the BOREAS site was therefore estimated to be a net sink of about 68 (modeled) versus 130 (measured) g C m(-2) yr(-1) during 1994. Long-term simulations indicated that this sink may be larger during cooler years and smaller during warmer years because C fixation in the model was less sensitive to temperature than respiration. These simulations also indicated that the magnitude of this sink declines with forest age because respiration increases with respect to fixation as standing phytomass grows. Confidence in the predictive capabilities of ecosystem models at decadal or centennial timescales is improved by well-constrained tests of these models at hourly timescales.
Date created
1999
DOI
doi:10.7939/R32R3P427
License information
Rights
© 1999 American Geophysical Union. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
Citation for previous publication
Grant, R.F., Black, T.A., den Hartog, G., Berry J.A., Gower, S.T., Neumann, H.H., Blanken, P.D., Yang, P.C. and Russell, C. (1999). Diurnal and annual exchanges of mass and energy between an aspen-hazelnut forest and the atmosphere: testing the mathematical model ecosys with data from the BOREAS experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 27699-27717. doi:10.1029/1998JD200117.
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File title: Diurnal and annual exchanges of mass and energy between an aspenhazelnut forest and the atmosphere Testing the mathematical model Ecosys with data from the BOREAS experiment
File author: R. F. Grant, T. A. Black, G. den Hartog, J. A. Berry, H. H. Neumann, P. D. Blanken, P. C. Yang, C. Russell, I. A. Nalder
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