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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3CQ3N

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Fundamental Study and Application of Femtosecond Laser Solid Interactions Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
femtosecond laser
non-quilibrium
ultrafast
warm dense matter
two temperature model
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Chen,Zhijiang
Supervisor and department
Robert Fedosejevs (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Ying Y. Tsui (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Rambabu Karumudi (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Dirk O. Gericke (Department of Physics, University of Warwick)
Mark Freeman (Physics)
Vien Van (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Department
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Specialization
Photonics and Plasmas
Date accepted
2014-08-27T09:04:57Z
Graduation date
2014-11
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Femtosecond (fs, 1fs=10^(-15)s) laser pulses are used in a variety of fields from nano-machining to the quest for fusion energy. However, knowledge of quantitative details for femtosecond laser material interaction processes is still insufficient, and many unique applications remain unexplored. The first part of this thesis describes the quantitative study of the fundamental processes in early stages of femtosecond laser excited gold. The second part discusses the investigation of a unique application using femtosecond laser to tune the silicon microring resonators. In the fundamental investigation, a single state warm dense gold was generated by isochorically heating a free standing gold thin foil of 30nm thickness with a 45fs laser pulse at 400nm. The uniform heating of such a target was confirmed by simultaneous measurement of the reflectivity from its front and rear sides with two frequency chirped probe pulses, at energy density up to ~5MJ/kg. The frequency chirped pulse probe single shot technique was developed so that the evolutions of the reflectivities from front and rear surfaces of the heated foil were mapped in frequency domain. Optical pump-probe technique was then used to study the optical properties of gold in the first several picoseconds after laser excitation. The reflectivity (R) and transmissivity (T) of the excited target were measured simultaneously, and its AC conductivity was calculated from measured R and T. Experimental results were used to benchmark the first principle calculations based Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Quantum Molecular Dynamic (QMD) simulations. In the application study, the feasibility of using femtosecond laser pulses for tuning frequency in silicon microring resonators (SMR) was investigated. Due to fabrication imperfection, the designed resonant frequencies of SMRs are difficult to achieve accurately (e.g. 1nm variation in height can result in an SMR out of tune). It has been demonstrated that femtosecond laser pulses can tune the resonant frequency of SMRs permanently to either shorter or longer wavelengths, and controllable tuning is also possible.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3CQ3N
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
Z. Chen, V. Sametoglu, Y.Y. Tsui, T. Ao, and A. Ng, “Flux-Limited Nonequilibrium Electron Energy Transport in Warm Dense Gold,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 108, 165001(2012).Z. Chen, B. Holst, S. E. Kirkwood, V. Sametoglu, M. Reid, Y.Y. Tsui, V. Recoules, and A. Ng, “Evolution of ac Conductivity in Nonequilibrium Warm Dense Gold,” Phys.Rev.Lett. 110,135001 (2013).D. Bachman, Z. Chen, A.M. Prabhu, R. Fedosejevs, Y.Y. Tsui, and Vien Van, “Femtosecond laser tuning of silicon microring resonators,” Opt.Lett. 36, 4695-4697 (2011).D. Bachman, Z. Chen, R. Fedosejevs, Y.Y. Tsui, and V. Van, “Permanent fine tuning of silicon microring devices by femtosecond laser surface amorphization and ablation,” Opt.Express 21, 11048-11056 (2013).

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