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Deactivation studies of noble metal catalysts for lean methane combustion Open Access


Other title
thermal ageing
sintering effect
noble metal catalysts for methane combustion
hydro-thermal ageing
particle size effect
reduction effect
re-dispersion of the catalyst
atmosphere effect
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Istratescu, Georgeta M.
Supervisor and department
Hayes, Robert (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Hayes, Robert (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Prasad, Vinay (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Semagina, Natalia (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
Green House Gases (GHG) contribution to global warming has led to extensive research into reduction of emission of the GHG. Transportation, as a main contributor to GHG, faces a major challenge in researching and developing of new technologies with the aim of reducing the carbon foot print. The use of alternative fuels with lower harmful emissions became obvious as a result of emission control regulations and climate change. Natural gas engines gained popularity due to their ability to burn the fuel almost completely, which recommends them as an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels engines. However, the incomplete combustion of methane in natural gas engines will release methane and carbon monoxide into the atmosphere. The fugitive methane emission problem can be tackled by the development of performant catalytic converters. This project reports on catalytic activity and stability of three sets of catalyst. The first set, palladium only catalysts provided by 15, 80 and 150 g/ft3 loading, were designed for methane combustion but not necessarily for lean burn engines. The second set studied were 2 catalysts: Pt and Pt-Pd (4:1) catalyst, with a loading of 95 g/ft3. Their mainly intend was the use as diesel oxidation catalysts. The third set of catalytic converters was designed for use for lean burn gas engines. The catalysts studied were Pt-Pd (1:5) with a loading of 150 g/ft3, Pd 122 (122 g/ft3), Pd Rh (117.15:2.85) (loading 120 g/ft3) and PtPdRh (19:73:2.85) with a loading of 94.85 g/ft3. The influence of different pretreatments on the catalyst activity (i.e. de-greening temperature, reduction process) were studied through ignition-extinction experiments. The stability of the catalyst was investigated through thermal ageing experiments. The effect of water on the catalytic activity was investigated through hydro-thermal ageing experiments.
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