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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3ZG8D

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A crossdisciplinary exploration of essentialism about kinds: philosophical perspectives in feminism and the philosophy of biology Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
philosophy of biology
species
essentialism
feminism
gender
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Weaver, Sara
Supervisor and department
Taylor, Chloë (Philosophy, Women's Studies)
Brigandt, Ingo (Philosophy)
Examining committee member and department
Lowrey, Kathleen (Anthropology)
Heyes, Cressida (Philosophy)
Department
Department of Philosophy
Specialization

Date accepted
2011-09-28T15:53:13Z
Graduation date
2011-11
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
“Essentialism about kinds” is the belief that there are necessary and sufficient conditions for membership in a kind. This thesis addresses the parallels in the discussions of essentialism across feminism and the philosophy of biology. Specifically, I address the similarities and differences between how feminists and philosophers of biology have thought about the errors of essentialism and why it should be rejected. As well, I discuss the alternative “solutions” that each discipline has proposed in its place. By way of conclusion, I side with the “epistemological approach” as the most successful solution to the essentialism of kinds in the context of feminism and philosophy of biology. I provide reasons for the superiority of this solution, and in particular, its wide applicability across disciplines. I also demonstrate how the crossdisciplinary dialogue in this thesis is a case in point of the interdisciplinary strength of the epistemological approach.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3ZG8D
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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