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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3HD45

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Investigation of Neglected Areas of Asymmetric Carbonyl Allylboration Chemistry Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Imine allylboration
Asymmetric allylboration
Fluorination
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Bhakta, Urmi Bhusan
Supervisor and department
Hall, Dennis (Chemistry)
Examining committee member and department
West, Fred (Chemistry)
Clive, Derrick (Chemistry)
Rivard, Eric (Chemistry)
Vederas, John (Chemistry)
Wee, Andrew (Chemistry, U of Regina, Ex)
Department
Department of Chemistry
Specialization

Date accepted
2015-01-23T08:42:00Z
Graduation date
2015-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Asymmetric allylboration is a very useful and potent method for the synthesis of chiral homoallylic alcohols, a structural motif present in many natural products and biologically relevant molecules. B/Si double-allylation reagents have also been reported that can lead to chiral homoallylic alcohols with an allylsilane unit. These molecules can then be exploited in the construction of more complex structures. Various total syntheses of important natural products have been achieved exploiting these methods. However, there are a number of areas of allylboration chemistry that have not received much attention. This thesis is aimed towards these areas. Chapter 2 of this thesis is designated for the application of a hydrobenzoin-based chiral synthetic diol (known as vivol)•SnCl4-complex catalyzed allylboration towards the synthesis of chiral homoallylic propargylic alcohols, a structural moiety abundant in natural products. Despite of its importance, there are very few catalytic methods for the synthesis of these compounds and a vivol•SnCl4 asymmetric allylboration methodology has been utilized effectively for this task. Chapter 3 discusses the application of a B/Si double-allylation reagent in imine allylboration to form synthetically useful chiral homoallylic amine. Although B/Si double-allylation reagents have been applied frequently in aldehyde allylation, there is almost no example of imine allylation before this study. Chapter 4 describes the attempted synthesis of a 3-fluoro and 3-trifluoromethyl allylboronate reagent. Had these reagents been prepared successfully, they would have generated chiral α-fluoro and α-trifluoromethyl homoallylic alcohol under vivol•SnCl4-catalyzed allylboration conditions. Despite of the tremendous growth of the field of fluorination and trifluoromethylation chemistry, there is almost no method known towards the synthesis of such building blocks which can be easily manipulated into more useful compounds. Chapter 5 addresses the synthetic attempts towards a stable B/B bidirectional double- allylation reagent, which can afford chiral 1,5-diols present in various natural products. The only known reagent of this kind is an unstable dialkylborane based one, which needs to be prepared and reacted in situ. Having access to a more stable and user-friendly reagent would enable easy synthesis of chiral 1,5-diol building blocks. Future plans regarding these research areas are described in chapter 6.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3HD45
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
Bhakta, U.; Sullivan, E.; Hall, D.G. Tetrahedron 2014, 70, 678.

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