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The European Union's Migration Co-operation with Its Eastern Neighbours: The Art of EU Governance beyond Its Borders Open Access


Other title
External dimension of JHA policies
European Union
Migration policy
Global Approach to Migration
Migration cooperation
External governance
The Russian Federation
Migration management
Migration politics
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Zhyznomirska, Lyubov
Supervisor and department
Abu-Laban, Yasmeen (Political Science)
Adkin, Laurie E. (Political Science)
Examining committee member and department
Aitken, Rob (Political Science)
Marples, David (History and Classics)
Schmidtke, Oliver (Political Science)
Department of Political Science

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
The dissertation explores the European Union’s (EU) migration relations with Ukraine and Russia since the break-up of the Soviet Union, up until 2011. Utilizing a comparative research design and discursive analytical approach, it critically examines the external dimension of the EU’s immigration policies in order to understand how the EU’s “migration diplomacy” affects the cooperating countries’ politics and policies on migration. The research evaluates the EU’s impact by analyzing the EU-Ukraine and EU-Russia co-operation on irregular migration and the mobility of their citizens through the prism of the domestic discourses and policies on international migration. Personal interviews with government officials, official documents and media analysis uncovered the discourses in the EU and the cases under study. Both Ukraine and Russia have securitized immigration into and through their territories. They are characterized by unique discourses but share similar exclusions of foreigners. The EU’s impact is evident not only in the case studies’ normative (i.e., laws and bureaucratic procedures and rules) and material (i.e., physical infrastructure of the border or construction of detention centres) adjustments to the EU’s demands and policy conditionalities, but also in their discursive negotiations of their own status in the international hierarchy of states concerning international migration. The researcher observes the processes of the Europeanization of migration politics and policies in both countries. What such migration co-operation does for inter-state relations in Europe comprises a second research focus of the thesis. The dissertation documents how the EU conducts its migration diplomacy and analyzes what kind of international migration governance the EU produces by seeking migration partnerships with non-EU countries. Drawing on critical security studies and the governmentality literature, the dissertation advances an argument that the external dimension of the EU’s “comprehensive migration management” – consolidated under the framework of the EU’s Global Approach to Migration (GAM) – informs and represents the EU’s ambitions to increase its international influence on internal security. The GAM emerges as a political rationality that allows a reordering of the EU’s relations with non-EU countries, specifically those in close vicinity.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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