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Conceiving action, tracking practice, and locating expertise for health promotion research. Open Access
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Health promotion is the process of enabling persons, families, neighbourhoods, communities, sectors, and societies to take action around the development and implementation of health determinants.The goal is to put health determinants in the control of individuals through programming that enhances health promotion action at many levels.The following actions are health promotional: building healthy public policy, reorienting health services, strengthening community action, creating supportive environments, and developing personal skills.A health promotion program that is based on the following principles has a good likelihood of succeeding: comprehensive cross-action programming that contextualizes efforts; participation by all stakeholders in all stages of development, implementation, and evaluation; and capacity building that includes advocacy, enabling, and mediating approaches (Stewart, 1999; Wass, 2000). In order to contribute to the health of Canadians, health promotion programming and research must take into account these actions and principles and the relationship among them. The evaluation of health promotion programming is based on several factors. First, the model selected must facilitate the conceptualization and implementation of both health promotion action, at all levels, and health promotion principles. Second, the practices associated with health promotion must be documented rigorously at all levels of action.Third, effective means of measuring the desired outcome — enhanced control over the determinants of health — must be developed and used.
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- © 2004 McGill University School of Nursing. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited. Original publication for the article is the Canadian Journal of Nursing Research. Copyright requests for commercial reproduction must be directed to the publisher.
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Drummond, J. (2004). Conceiving action, tracking practice, and locating expertise for health promotion research. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 36(1), 115-120.
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