The Paths of Clean Technology: From Innovation to Commercialization Open Access
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University of Alberta
- Author or creator
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Jennings, Devereaux (Strategic Management and Organization)
- Examining committee member and department
Jennings, Jennifer (Strategic Management and Organization)
Gehman, Joel (Strategic Management and Organization)
Lounsbury, Michael (Strategic Management and Organization)
Faculty of Business
Strategic Management and Organization
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Doctor of Philosophy
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My dissertation aims to contribute to multi-level studies of institutions, as well as the social construction of technologies. It consists of three papers. In Paper 1, I demonstrate the evolution of three renewable technologies (solar, wind, and biofuel) from their creation to the present day. Combining institutional theory and innovation process literature, I show how the institutionalization of renewable technologies has partially failed, despite their benefits for the natural environment. While there have been many inventions in the renewable field, they were often challenged during the development and implementation processes. The challenges moved from technical barriers in the earlier periods to political barriers in recent time.
In Paper 2, I demonstrate how the tension between two societal-level logics, neo-liberalism and environmentalism, influences the rate, diversity, and direction of political and technological innovations in the renewable field. I argue that the tension reduces the rate of innovation, but increases its diversity because it creates more discussions among actors. I test my arguments on 93 nations over a 33-year period, from 1980 to 2012.
In Paper 3, I argue how an organization’s green identity and image influence the attraction of financial capital among the clean technology firms. I build a multi-level identity construct and test my arguments between different industry cultures (renewables versus non-renewables) and with different audience (green investors versus non-green investors). I argue that a firm’s green identity has a positive effect on the acquisition of resources at a decreasing rate, while a firm’s green image has a negative effect on the acquisition of resources because firms are penalized for greenwashing the public. I test my arguments on a random global sample of 120 clean technology firms.
- Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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