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Parenting Styles and Early Childhood Behavioural Functioning: A Comparison Between Self-Reported and Observed Parenting Styles Open Access


Other title
Parenting Styles
Early Childhood Development
Research Methods
Mothers and Fathers
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Sheh, Naomi O
Supervisor and department
Rinaldi, Christina (Educational Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Rempel, Gwen (Nursing)
Pei, Jacqueline (Educational Psychology)
Rinaldi, Christina (Educational Psychology)
Department of Educational Psychology
Psychological Studies in Education
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Education
Degree level
The current study investigated mothers’ and fathers’ self-reported and observed parenting styles, and determined how self-report and observation measures each predicted the social and emotional behaviours of toddlers. Thirty-one families participated in the study (18 boys and 13 girls between 29- and 46-months old; M = 36.2, SD = 4.9; 31 mothers and 31 fathers between 26 and 55 years old). Mothers and fathers completed a questionnaire concerning their child’s behavioural functioning and parent-child dyads were individually videotaped interacting in teaching and clean up tasks. Parents were assessed using the Parenting Styles and Dimensions coding scheme. Overall, low correspondence was found between self-reported and observed parenting styles. Mothers’ correspondence between measures was stronger than fathers’, and self-reported parenting styles were stronger predictors of parent reported children’s behavioural functioning. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research on parenting styles and children’s social and emotional behaviours.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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