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Failure criteria for tearing of telescoping wrinkles Open Access


Other title
buried pipelines
plastic deformation
telescopic wrinkle
monotonic loading
failure criteria
finite element
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Ahmed, Arman U
Supervisor and department
Cheng, Roger (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Driver, Robert (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Tassoulas, John (Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin)
Jar, Ben (Mechanical Engineering)
Chen, Weixing (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Adeeb, Samer (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
An ever increasing demand to exploit oil and natural gas reserves has significantly increased extraction activities even in the remotest regions of the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of the Canadian North. Steel pipelines are the most efficient mode for transporting and distributing these resources. These pipelines, particularly buried in cold region, often subjected to extreme geo-environmental conditions, where significant inelastic deformation may occur resulting in localized wrinkles. Under continued deformation, there is a possibility of excessive cross-sectional deformation at wrinkle locations, eventually leading to fracture or damage in the pipe wall jeopardizing pipeline safety and integrity . Prior research indicated that occurrence of fracture in pipe wrinkle is rare under monotonic load-deformation process. However, a recent field fracture was observed within the wrinkle location of an energy pipeline. Similar failure mode was observed in a laboratory specimen at the University of Alberta. Both field and laboratory observations had indicated that the final failure was a “tearing” failure at the fold of the telescopic wrinkles resulting from monotonic application of axial load not aligned with pipe axis. This research program was designed to study this specific failure mode and to develop design tool for pipeline engineers. This research started with examining the failed field and test specimens. A preliminary investigation was carried out using nonlinear finite element (FE) model to simulate test and field behaviour. Numerical results have indicated that even under monotonic loading, significant strain reversals could occur at the wrinkle fold . Presence of these strain reversals was proposed as the preliminary failure criterion responsible for this unique failure mechanism. In next phase, a full-scale ‘pipe-wrinkling’ test program was carried out concurrent to this research to better understand the loading condition responsible for this type of failure. Results of this test program have shown the presence of tearing fracture or rupture in the pipe walls of several of test specimens. A series of FE analyses was then carried out to predict and verify the behaviour of these test specimens. After successful simulation of the test behaviour, further numerical analyses were carried out using tension coupon model developed herein to simulate the material behaviour using the material test data and hence to formulate the limiting conditions in terms of critical strain responsible for the tearing failure. Based on these numerical results, a double criterion  ‘Strain Reversal’ and ‘Critical Equivalent Plastic Strain Limit’, were proposed to predict tearing fracture of wrinkled pipe under monotonic loading. Results of these numerical analyses have demonstrated that the proposed criteria predict this failure mode with reasonable accuracy. In the final phase of this research, a parametric study was carried out to consider the effect of different parameters on failure modes of wrinkled pipe. Results of this parametric study describe the range of parameters under which the tearing mechanism can/may exhibit.
License granted by Arman Ahmed ( on 2011-01-07T04:23:24Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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