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Education in health research methodology: Use of a wiki for knowledge translation. Open Access


Author or creator
Hamm, M. P.
Klassen, T. P.
Scott, S. D.
Moher, D.
Hartling, L.
Additional contributors
randomized controlled trials
research design
biomedical research
health care delivery
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Introduction A research-practice gap exists between what is known about conducting methodologically rigorous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and what is done. Evidence consistently shows that pediatric RCTs are susceptible to high risk of bias; therefore novel methods of influencing the design and conduct of trials are required. The objective of this study was to develop and pilot test a wiki designed to educate pediatric trialists and trainees in the principles involved in minimizing risk of bias in RCTs. The focus was on preliminary usability testing of the wiki. Methods The wiki was developed through adaptation of existing knowledge translation strategies and through tailoring the site to the identified needs of the end-users. The wiki was evaluated for usability and user preferences regarding the content and formatting. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 trialists and systematic reviewers, representing varying levels of experience with risk of bias or the conduct of trials. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Results Participants found the wiki to be well organized, easy to use, and straightforward to navigate. Suggestions for improvement tended to focus on clarification of the text or on esthetics, rather than on the content or format. Participants liked the additional features of the site that were supplementary to the text, such as the interactive examples, and the components that focused on practical applications, adding relevance to the theory presented. While the site could be used by both trialists and systematic reviewers, the lack of a clearly defined target audience caused some confusion among participants. Conclusions Participants were supportive of using a wiki as a novel educational tool. The results of this pilot test will be used to refine the risk of bias wiki, which holds promise as a knowledge translation intervention for education in medical research methodology.
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Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 3.0 Unported

Citation for previous publication
Hamm, M. P., Klassen, T. P., Scott, S. D., Moher, D., & Hartling, L. (2013). Education in health research methodology: Use of a wiki for knowledge translation. PloS One, 8(5), e64922.
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