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Space Propaganda “For All Mankind”: Soviet and American Responses to the Cold War, 1957-1977 Open Access


Other title
Soviet Union
Cold War
United States
Space Exploration
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Rockwell, Trevor S
Supervisor and department
Smith, Robert (History and Classics)
Marples, David (History and Classics)
Examining committee member and department
Smith, Susan (History and Classics)
Hevley, Bruce (Department of History, University of Washington)
Anderson, Greg (Political Science)
Department of History and Classics

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
This study examines narratives about space exploration officially produced by government agencies of the Soviet Union and the United States between 1957 and 1977. It compares how space activities from the first Soviet Sputnik on October 4, 1957, to the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) in July 1975 were covered in two monthly magazines: the American-made Russian-language Amerika Illiustrirovannoye (America Illustrated, hereafter Amerika) and the Soviet-produced English-language Soviet Life. It seeks to understand how each country conveyed space exploration to each other, as well as why they chose to focus on certain key themes of peace, progress, and cooperation. The main primary sources for this comparative analysis are the publications Amerika and Soviet Life. This study also considers the motivating context that shaped each publication. To assess the underlying motivations behind Amerika magazine’s content, this study has relied upon the records of the United States Information Agency (USIA) held at the National Archives and Records Administration II in College Park, Maryland, as well as various volumes of documents from the State Department’s Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series. On the Soviet side, it analyzes various publications of the speeches and writings of the Soviet leadership to examine how Soviet officials’ discourse treated the main themes of Soviet Life’s space propaganda.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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