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The reverberations of childhood poverty: Composing lives in higher education Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
The Echoes of Poverty: Composing Lives in Higher Education
Subject/Keyword
Widening Participation
Lived Experiences
Poverty-class
Narrative Inquiry
Widening Access
Qualitative Methodology
Defining Poverty
Poverty
Canada
Higher Education
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Laberge, Elaine J
Supervisor and department
Northcott, Herb (Sociology)
Caine, Vera (Nursing)
Examining committee member and department
Northcott, Herb (Sociology)
Caine, Vera (Nursing)
Grekul, Jana (Sociology)
Huber, Janice (Education)
Department
Department of Sociology
Specialization

Date accepted
2017-06-08T11:24:58Z
Graduation date
2017-11:Fall 2017
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
This narrative inquiry unfolded alongside three undergraduate students at a large, research-intensive, western Canadian university to understand how echoes of systemic childhood poverty reverberate through their experiences as they compose lives on the university landscape. While countries such as Australia, the United States, the United Kingdom, and to a much lesser extent Canada, are adopting “widening access” and equity, diversity, and inclusivity (EDI) policies, researchers often ignore the very poor, instead focusing on the experiences of working-class students (Ivana, 2017; Lehman, 2013). Research that does exist assumes a uniform effect of poverty and uniform experiences on higher educational (HE) landscapes (Aries & Seider, 2005; Krause & Armitage, 2014), which reduces students’ lives to a single story (Adichie, 2009). The varied needs of students whose lives have been shaped by systemic childhood poverty are not being adequately addressed or reflected in current educational policies (Nesbit, 2006). I engaged in research conversations with three participants over a nine-month period, seeking to understand their lived experiences narratively; that is, over time, social relations, and place (Clandinin & Connelly, 2000). Narrative accounts were negotiated between participants and the researcher. The inquiry makes visible how profoundly silenced students’ lived experiences are on the university landscape and within “widening access” to HE initiatives. Administrators’, advisors’, and professors’ belief in participants (Elbow, 2008) was a game changer and crucial for their survival in university. Second, while poverty is seen in a box, systemic childhood poverty cannot be erased from participants’ embodied selves; that is, poverty shapes an entire life (Adair, 2003). Third, participation in this research was an act of resistance to living in the shadows and margins of HE landscapes because of a fear being outed and ousted if their origins become visible. As HE institutions continue to grapple with “widening access” and creating sustainable EDI landscapes, poverty-class students must become a key source of knowledge in shaping socially just policies and pedagogies. These students need to become part of the discussion rather the object of discussion (Adair, 2003).
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R38C9RJ19
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
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