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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3X63BK06

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The gut microbiome and its potential role in the development and function of newborn calf gastrointestinal tract Open Access

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Author or creator
Malmuthuge, Nilusha
Grebiel, Philip J.
Guan, Leluo
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Mucosal Immune System
Gut Development
Gut Microbiota
Enteric Infections
Neonatal Ruminants
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
A diverse microbial population colonizes the sterile mammalian gastrointestinal tract during and after the birth. There is increasing evidence that this complex microbiome plays a crucial role in the development of the mucosal immune system and influences newborn health. Microbial colonization is a complex process influenced by a two-way interaction between host and microbes and a variety of external factors, including maternal microbiota, birth process, diet, and antibiotics. Following this initial colonization, continuous exposure to host-specific microbes is not only essential for development and maturation of the mucosal immune system but also the nutrition and health of the animal. Thus, it is important to understand host–microbiome interactions within the context of individual animal species and specific management practices. Data is now being generated revealing significant associations between the early microbiome, development of the mucosal immune system, and the growth and health of newborn calves. The current review focuses on recent information and discusses the limitation of current data and the potential challenges to better characterizing key host-specific microbial interactions. We also discuss potential strategies that may be used to manipulate the early microbiome to improve production and health during the time when newborn calves are most susceptible to enteric disease.
Date created
2015
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3X63BK06
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Attribution 4.0 International
Citation for previous publication
Malmuthuge, N., Grebiel, P. J., & Guan, L. L. (2015). The gut microbiome and its potential role in the development and function of newborn calf gastrointestinal tract. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 2(36), [10 pages].  http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2015.00036

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File title: The gut microbiome and its potential role in the development and function of newborn calf gastrointestinal tract
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